Lesson no.10: Dates. Tamar (تمر) (khajur)

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Balah Bushra Busr
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Rutab Tamar Ajwah
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Barni Nabiz Gaba (gum) of palm tree
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Names: -

1. Latin name is Phoenix dactylifera Linn.
2. Urdu and Hindi name is khajur.
3. English name is dates.

Quranic names:-

1. It is called with various names is Quran.
2. It is called as Nakhl or Nakhil (plural) or Nakhlat (singular) 20 times in Quran.
3. It is called Leenat in chapter 59 Hashr,(Surah) verse no. 5.
4. It is mentioned as Naqir in chapter 4 (Sura) Nisa, verse no. 53 and 124.
5. Qitmir in chapter 35 (Sura) Fatir, verse no. 13.
6. Rutab. in Chapter 19 (Sura) Maryam verse no 25.

In Hadees it is mentioned under 8 names.

The names mentioned in hadees are different stages & different varieties of dates.
Among 8 names, 5 are stages of dates & 3 are types of dates.
1. Balah -it is the first stage of dates; the dates are unripen (raw).
2. Bushra- it is the 2nd stage; dates are unripen fresh dates of yellow or red colour & are eatable.
3. Basr- it is the 3rd stage of dates; now the Bushra start getting ripen. They are eatable. (Half ripen).
4. Rutab - freshly ripen dates; mainly ripen on its tree. These are what we eat mostly, it is of brownish colour & soft & wet. (Fully ripen).
5. Tamar- it the 5th stage of dates; now Rutab gets dried up (mainly on tree). (Also Dates are generally called as Tamar please note).

The 3 names mentioned in Hadees are types of dates: -

1. Barni.
2. Ajwah.
3. Sukhara.

Other names in Hadees: -

Bunches of dates are called as Dawaal (دوال )in Hadees. Dates sharbat is called as Nabiz in Hadees.  GABA of dates is called as Jimaar (جمار) in Hadees. Low quality dates are called as Hashaf (حشف) in Hadees. Tamar is mentioned in Hadees as general word for dates. It is important to know about the stages & names mentioned in Hadees.

Quranic references of it:

There are 20 references of it in Quran, by the names of Nakhl or Nakhil (plural) & Nakhlat (singular).
They are 8 times are mentioned alone. And 12 times mentioned with other fruits like pomegranate, grapes, and olives.
1. Chapter 2 Baqara verse no. 266. (Nakhil)
2. Chapter 6 An'am verse no. 99. (Nakhl)
3. Chapter 6 An'am verse no. 141. (Nakhl)
4. Chapter 13 Ra'ad verse no. 4. (Nakhil)
5. Chapter 16 Nahl verse no. 11. (Nakhil)
6. Chapter 16 Nahl verse no. 67. (Nakhil)
7. Chapter 17 Bani-Israel verse no. 91. (Nakhil)
8. Chapter 18 Khaf verse no. 32. (Nakhl)
9. Chapter 19 Mariam verse no. 23. (Nakhlat)
10. Chapter 19 Mariam verse no. 25. (Nakhlat & Rutab)
11. Chapter 20 Ta'ah verse no. 71. (Nakhl)
12. Chapter 23 Mu-minoon verse no. 19. (Nakhil)
13. Chapter 26 Shu-araa verse no. 148. (Nakhl)
14. Chapter 36 Yaaseen verse no. 34. (Nakhil)
15. Chapter 50 Qaat verse no.10. (Nakhl)
16. Chapter 54 Qamar verse no. 20. (Nakhl)
17. Chapter 55 Rahmaan verse no. 11. (Nakhl)
18. Chapter 55 Rahmaan verse no. 68. (Nakhl)
19. Chapter 69 Haqqa verse no. 7. (Nakhl)
20. Chapter 80 Abasa verse no. 29. (Nakhl)

Other references of dates in Quran:

1. It is referred as LEENAT in chapter 59 (Sura) HASHR verse no. 5.
2. In chapter 4 (Sura) NISA verse no. 53 & 124 it is called as NAQIR. (Naqir means a groove or dent on date seed).
3. In chapter 35 (Sura) FATIR, verse no. 13, it is called as QITMIR. (Qitmir means a groove or dent on dates seed or thin membrane on date seed).
4. In chapter 6 (Sura) AN’AAM verse no. 95, it is called as NAVA. (Nava means date seed).
5. In chapter 36 (Sura) YASEEN verse no. 39 it is called AL-URJOON. (Al-Urjoon means the lower base of dates which becomes dry & get sickled shaped & it compared with new moon in verse no. 39 of chapter 36 (Sura) YASEEN.
6. In chapter 111 (Sura) LAHAB & Chapter 54 (Sura) QAMAR it is called as HABL & DUSUR (Both means Palm Fibers).
It is important to know about the stages of date’s maturation, because by it only, you will understand the uses of it, and why it is called by different names in Quran and Hadees.

Stages of dates(According to Growth): -

It takes 6 months to get matured and undergo 5 stages (Means dates under goes, 5 stages, on tree or when stored (before use).
1. 1st stage of dates is called as Al-HabaBook or Al-saddi. In this stage the dates are like small balls and are of bitter taste (on tree and are not used).
2. 2nd stage is called as Al -Balh. In this stage the dates are grown little bigger, and are of green colour and pungent it taste. (On tree, and are not used).
3. 3rd stage is called as AL -Busr or Al- Khalla, in this stage the dates get yellowish or reddish colour and turn sweet in taste. (On tree and can be used).
4. 4th stage is called as Al -Rutab, now the dates becomes soft, sweet, and get brownish in colour, this stage is ripen stage, and are good to use and was liked by Prophetﷺ , & it is mentioned in Quran.
5. 5th stage is called as Ajwah. Now the dates get softer, sticky and turn bark brownish. (Also please note Ajwah is also a type of dates and stage of dates also).
6. 6th stage is called as Tamar, now the dates get dried.

Prophetصلى الله عليه وسلم’s guidance about dates:-

Neutralizing hot potency with cold potency: -

Fresh ripen dates & Watermelon (Rutab & Bathikh): -
1. Hazrat Sahl Bin Saad رضي الله عنه says, that Nabiﷺ use to eat (fresh ripen dates) (الرطب) with (watermelon) (البطيخ).
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3451; Book. 29; Eng vol. 4; Book. 29, Hadees. 3326]
Also mentioned by Hazrat A’isha رضي الله عنها
[Tirmizi: 1843: Book. 25; Eng vol. 3; Book. 23, Hadees. 1843]
2. Narrated by Hazrat A’isha رضي الله عنها that Nabiﷺ used to eat fresh ripen dates (الرطب) with (watermelon) (البطيخ) & Nabi ﷺ said the heat of the one is broken by the coolness of the other, and the coolness of the one by the heat of the other.
[Abu Dawud: 3836; Book. 28; Eng Book. 27; Hadees. 3827]
(This is regarding the above Hadees about eating dates with watermelon; but their combination both get neutralized).

Dried ripen dates & Butter (Tamar & Zubd): -

3. Narrated by 2 sons of Busar that Nabiﷺ visited Hazrat Busar’s home, they presented (dried ripen dates)(تمر) & Butter (زبد) in honor of Nabiﷺ because both were liked (together) by Nabiﷺ.
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3459; Book. 29; In Eng vol. 4; Book. 29, Hadees. 3334]
(Tamar dates are dry & hard & they get moist & soft when mixed with butter or ghee thus get neutralized).

Fresh ripen dates & cucumber (Qissa’a & Rutab): -

4. Hazrat Abdullah Bin Jaffar رضي الله عنه says that Rasoolullahﷺ use to eat Cucumber (القثاء) with fresh ripen dates (الرطب) .
[Tirmizi: 1844; Book. 25; Eng vol. 3; Book. 23, Hadees. 1844]
Combination of both neutralizes each other.
5. Hazrat A’isha رضي الله عنها ate Cucumber (القثاء) & fresh ripen dates (الرطب) together to gain weight & she successfully gained weight.
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3449; Book. 29; Eng vol. 4; Book. 29, Hadees. 3324]

About uses of Two types of dates together: -

6. Narrated by Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه that Nabiﷺ prohibited making Nabiz from Basr (البسر) (unripen dates) & Tamar dates together.
[Tirmizi: 1876; Book. 26; Eng vol. 3; Book. 24, Hadees. 1876.]􀀃
(Nabiz is prepared by soaking dates in water & drinking that water, means we should not soak two different types of dates in water & nor drink that sharbat, Nabiz).
7. Hazrat A’isha رضي الله عنها narrated that Rasoolullahﷺ said, eat Balah (البلح) (fresh unripen dates) with Tamar (تمر) (dried ripen dates) together(or) old dates with new one & Rasoolullahﷺ said, that seeing this shaitaan (الشيطان) gets irritated & the shaitaan (الشيطان) says that human became healthy by eating Balah ((البلح with Tamar (تمر).
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3455; Book. 29; English vol. 4; Book. 29, Hadees. 3330]
8. Narrated by Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه that Basr (البسر) (semi ripen) dates with Rutab (الرطب) (fresh ripen dates) are Khamr (intoxicant).
[An-Nasa’I: 5544; Book. 51; Eng vol. 6; Book. 51; Hadees. 5546]􀀃
(Both should not be used together).
(Basr dates (semi ripen) are which start to get ripe, & are yellow or reddish coloured & Rutab dates are which get freshly ripen, (routinely eaten) soft, dark brownish coloured). Please note we can eat Balah (البلح) (fresh unripen dates) with Tamar (تمر) (dried ripen dates) together but we are not allowed to soak both above types of dates to prepare Nabiz (syrup) because they may turn into Alcoholic preparation & please do not soak two types of dates together.

About Rutab Dates: -

9. Hazrat Sahal Bin Saad رضي الله عنه says that Nabiﷺ use to eat Rutab (الرطب) (fresh ripen dates) with Bathikh (البطيخ) (watermelon).
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3451; Book. 29; Eng vol. 4; Book. 29, Hadees. 3326]
10. Hazrat Abdullah Bin Jaffar رضي الله عنه says that Rasoolullahﷺ use to eat Cucumber (القثاء) with Dates (الرطب) (fresh ripen dates).
[Tirmizi: 1844; Book. 25; English vol. 3; Book. 23, Hadees. 1844]􀀃
11. Hazrat A’isha رضي الله عنها ate Cucumber (القثاء & (الرطب) (fresh ripen dates) together to gain weight & she successfully gained weight.
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3449; Book. 29; Eng vol. 4; Book. 29, Hadees. 3324]

About Tamar Dates: -

The word Tamar may be used for a type of date (dried ripen dates) or commonly for routine dates.
12. Narrated by Hazrat A’isha رضي الله عنها that Nabiﷺ used to eat fresh ripen dates(الرطب) with watermelon (البطيخ) & Nabi ﷺ said the heat of one is broken by the coolness of the other, and the coolness of the one by the heat of the other.
[Abu Dawud: 3836; Book. 28; Eng Book. 27; Hadees. 3827]
(This is regarding the above Hadees about eating dates with watermelon; by their combination both gets neutralized).
13. Narrated by 2 sons of Busar that Nabiﷺ visited Hazrat Busar’s home, they presented Tamar (تمر) (dried ripen dates) & Zubd (زبد) (butter) in honor of Nabiﷺ because both were liked (together) by Nabiﷺ
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3459; Book. 29; Eng vol. 4; Book. 29, Hadees. 3334.]
Tamar dates are dry & hard & they get moist & & soft when mixed with butter or ghee thus get neutralized.
14. Hazrat Aamir Bin Saad Abu Waqqas رضي الله عنه heard from his father that Nabiﷺ said that anyone who eats 7 Tamar (تمر) (dates) daily, which grow between these two lava plains (two Madinah (المدينه) mountains) empty stomach, early morning, than till evening, will not be affected with poisoning (سبم) & black magic (سحر) (witch craft) & if eats at evening, will bes safe from poison (سُمٌّ) & black magic (سحر) (witch craft) till morning.
[Muslim: 204 A; Book. 36; Eng Book. 23; Hadees no. 5080]
15. Hazrat Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه says that Nabiﷺ said by eating Tamar (تمر) (dates), Qalounj (القولنج) will not occur.
[Abu Nu-aim: 828. Qalounj]
Qalounj (القولنج): - it is a condition in which people suffer from inferior complex due to strictures, obstructions, spasm or pain.
16. Hazrat Abdullah Ibn Abbas رضي الله عنه says that Rasool Allahﷺ guided that eat Tamar (تمر) (dates) on empty stomach early morning, by this worm of stomach get killed.
[Musnad Firdous: 4813]

Jaw chapatti (bread) & Tamar dates: -

17. Hazrat Yusuf Ibn Abdullah Ibn Salam رضي الله عنه says that he saw Nabiﷺ eating jaw (barley) flour chapatti (or Bread) (خبز) with Tamar (تمر) (dates) & said that dates (تمر ) are equivalent to gravy with jaw (barley) chapatti (or Bread).
[Abu Dawud: 3830; Book. 28; Eng Book. 27; Hadees. 3821]

Discipline while eating in company of people: -

18. Hazrat Abdullah Bin Umar رضي الله عنه reported that Nabiﷺ said, do not pick more than one dates at the time, nor pick 2 or more to eat, without permission, (when we are eating in company of people).
[Tirmizi: 1814, Book. 25; Eng vol. 3; Book. 23; Hadees. 1814]􀀃
We should not pick any eatables more than one, while we eat in company of people; this may be in regards of all types of eatables.

A Position of sitting while eating dates: -

19. Hazrat Anas Bin Malik رضي الله عنه says that he saw Nabiﷺ eating Tamar (تمر) (dried) in sitting position on heels.
[Muslim: 2044 a; Book no. 36; In English Book no. 23; Hadees no. 5073]

Hasis (Hais) (a sweet dish): -

20. Narrated by Hazrat Anas Bin Malik رضي الله عنه that Nabiﷺ married Hazrat Safiya رضي الله عنها & called people for a feast (as dawat e valima) & served people with Hais, (Hasis) on a piece of leather ( dastarkhwaan).
[Bukhari: 5387; Book. 70; Eng vol. 7; Book. 65; Hadees. 299]􀀃
Hais (Hasis) is a sweet dish (halwa) prepared from Tamar (تمر) dates, milk, jaw (barley), ghee, paneer etc.

Importance of having dates in house: -

21. Hazrat A’isha رضي الله عنها says that Nabiﷺ said that a family which has dates (تمر) will not be hungry.
[Muslim: 2046; Book. 36; Eng Book. 23; Hadees. 5078]
22. Narrated Hazrat A’isha رضي الله عنها that Rasoolullahﷺ said the house which do not have dates (تمر) those people are (will be) hungry.
[Tirmizi: 1815, Book. 25; Eng vol. 3; Book. 23, Hadees. 1815]
23. Narrated by Ubaidullah Bin Abu Rafi from his grandmother Salma رضي الله عنها says that Nabiﷺ said that the house which does not have dates (تمر) the house is as, there is no food.
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3453; Book. 29; Eng vol. 4; Book. 29, Hadees. 3328]

Dates & Dinner:-

24. Narrated by Anas Bin Malik رضي الله عنه that Nabiﷺ said that Always eat dinner & if you have nothing to eat, at least eat few Hashaf (حشف) (low quality dates) (or handful of something to eat) because skipping dinner will make you old & weak.
[Tirmizi: 1856; Book. 25; Eng vol. 3; Book. 23, Hadees. 1856]
25. Narrated by Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه that Nabiﷺ said never skip dinner, though you only have few dates (تمر), eat them because skipping dinner will make you old.
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3480; Book. 29; Eng vol. 4; Book. 29, Hadees. 3355]

Old dates: -

26. Narrated by Anas Bin Malik رضي الله عنه that somebody presented some old dates to Nabiﷺ & Nabiﷺ started opening the dates (تمر) to see (the worm).
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3458; Book. 29; Eng vol. 4; Book. 29, Hadees. 3333]􀀃

Half ripen dates (Basr): -

27. Hazrat Abu A’seeb رضي الله عنه says, that one night Nabiﷺ took Hazrat Abu Aaib, Abu Bakr, Umar رضي الله عنه to an Ansari’s dates garden & asked the owner of the garden to give Basr (بسر) (half ripen dates), the owner went & brought branches of dates & all ate to their satisfaction.
[Musnad Ahmed: 20787]

About Ajwah Dates: -

28. Hazrat Ra'fe Bin Umar Al Majni رضي الله عنه says, that Rasoolullahﷺ said that Ajwah (العجوة) & Sukhara (الصخرة) both are from Jannah (الجنة).
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3583; Book. 31; In English vol. 4; Book. 31, Hadees. 3456]
29. Hazrat A'isha رضي الله عنها says that Rasoolullahﷺ guided that The Ajwah dates of 'Aliya' contain healing effects and these are antidote (for poisoning) if eaten early morning
[Muslim 2048; Book. 36; Eng Book. 23; Hadees. 5083]
30. Hazrat Saad رضي الله عنه says that Rasoolullahﷺ guided that eat 7 Ajwah (عجوة) (dates) early morning empty stomach, that day, the person will be saved from poisoning (سم) & black Magic (سحر) (witch craft).
[Bukhari: 5769; Book. 76; Eng vol. 7; Book. 71; Hadees. 664]
31. Hazrat A'isha رضي الله عنها says that Nabiﷺ guided to use 7 Ajwah (عجوة) (dates) of Madinah (المدينه) for 7 days; this helps in curing Juzam (الجزام).
[Abu Nu-aim: 899]
(Juzam is Kodh) (Leprosy)
32. Hazrat Sa’ad Bin Abi Waqqas رضي الله عنه says that he fell ill, he had chest pain, Rasoolullahﷺ visited him & kept his respected palm on Hazrat Sa’ad رضي الله عنه chest, Hazrat Sa'ad رضي الله عنه felt the soothing effect in his whole chest & Rasoolullahﷺ prayed for him, & said that Sa'ad is suffering from cardiac problem. And Rasoolullahﷺ advised to take Hazrat Sa'ad رضي الله عنه to Haris Bin Kuladah (a hakim) and said the physician should give 7 Ajwah (عجوة) (dates) of Madinah (المدينه) crushed, & with its seed grinded & put it in your mouth.
[Abu Dawud: 3875; Book. 29; Eng Book. 28; Hadees. 3866]􀀃

Cure for Poisoning

33. Narrated by Hazrat Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه that Nabiﷺ said that Ajwah (عجوة) (dates) are from Jannah (الجنة) & in it there is cure (شفاء) for poisoning (سم), And Kamaat (الكماة) (Mushrooms or Truffles) are among Mann (المن) (a reward) & its water is cure (شفاء) for eye (العين) diseases.
[Tirmizi: 2208; Book. 28; English vol. 4; Book. 2; Hadees. 2066]
(Mushrooms or Truffles grow by their own & no human efforts are required so they are called as Mann) (Refer Lesson No : 49; mushrooms and truffles in Part 1 of this book).

Jimaar (Gaba of dates) & Palm Date tree comapred with Muslims: -

34. Hazrat Abdullah Bin Umar رضي الله عنه says that we were sitting with Nabiﷺ, Jimaar (جمار) (Gaba of dates) was sent by someone, than Nabiﷺ asked “Among all trees, which tree is like Muslim & Allah Ta’lah has given Barkat in it?” (As barkat Muslims have) than Nabiﷺ answered (himself) that it is Nakhl (النخلة) (palm date tree).
[Bukhari: 5444; Book. 70; In English volume. 7; Book. 65; Hadees. 355]􀀃
(Jimaar is GABA of dates; it is obtained from gum of dates trees).
Guidance about Dates After illness & during illness: -
35. Hazrat Umme Munzir رضي الله عنها says that, Rasoolullahﷺ & Hazrat Ali رضي الله عنه both came home, she had Dawaal (دوال) (bunches of dates), she served Dawaal to both, both started to eat the dates, but when Hazrat Ali رضي الله عنه had eaten 7 dates (approximately) he was stopped by Rasool Allahﷺ from eating more, & said to Hazrat Ali رضي الله عنه that you were ill last days & now you are weak, so do not eat more, Hearing to his Hazrat Umme Munzir رضي الله عنها prepared Sareed (ثرد ) (thin gravy) of meat, beet root & chapatti (خبز) from barely flour (الشعير) & served to both, on this Rasoolullahﷺ said to Hazrat Ali رضي الله عنه eat this dish, this is beneficial for you.
[Tirmizi: 2170; Book. 28; Eng vol. 4; Book. 2; Hadees. 2036]
36. Hazrat Suhaib رضي الله عنه reports that his right eye was paining & he was eating Tamar (تمر) (dates), looking to this; Rasoolullahﷺ said that, you are eating Tamar (تمر) (dates) in spite of eye pain, On this Hazrat Suhaib رضي الله عنه replied that I am eating from left side & my right eye is paining.
[Baihaqi 20047]􀀃
He was eating from left side of his mouth while his right eye was suffering from infection.
Please read the Hadees below and note the rules from which side of the mouth we should eat during illness.
Qatadah narrated from Abu Abdullah that Zaid Bin Arqam رضي الله عنه said that Nabi ﷺ would acclaim olive oil (زيت) and Memecylon (ورس) Warss for (the treatment of) pluerisy." Qatadah said : "And it is put in the mouth on the side which he is suffering".
[Tirmizi: 2222; Book. 28, Eng vol. 4; Book. 2, Hadees. 2078]􀀃

About Barni dates

37. Hazrat Anas Bin Malik رضي الله عنه says that Nabiﷺ said that among the Tamar (تمر) (dates) you have, Barni (البرني) (it is a type of dates) are the best, there is cure for diseases in it & have no harmful effects.
[Mustadrak Al Hakim: 7450]􀀃

About breaking fast: -

38. Salman Bin ‘Amr رضي الله عنه narrated that Nabiﷺ guided us to break the fast with Tamar (تمر) (dates) & if dates are not present than break the fast with water because water is pure (paak).
[Ibn Ma-jah: 1769; Book. 7; Eng vol. 1; Book. 7; Hadees. 1699]􀀃
  39. Hazrat Anas Bin Malik رضي الله عنه says that Rasoolullahﷺ use to break the fast before Magrib Salah with fresh ripen dates (الرطب) or old dates which ever would be present, if dates would not be present, than broke the fast with water.
[Abu Dawud: 2356; Book. 14; Eng Book. 13; Hadees. 2349]

About Tahneek: -

40. Hazrat Asma Bint Abu Bakr رضي الله عنها gave birth to a son (in Quba), this birth was the first birth in Muslim society, Means, that time the Yahudis of Madinah had challenged the Muslims, that due to their Black magic no Muslim lady will give birth to any child, On the birth of her son (Abdullah Bin Zubair رضي الله عنه ) all Muslims gathered & sang slogans of Takbir loudly. Hazrat Asma Bint Abu Bakr رضي الله عنها took the infant to Rasoolullahﷺ, Rasoolullahﷺ took the infant in His respected Laps & called for Tamar (تمر) (dates) & chewed the dates & put His respected saliva in the mouth of the child so that the first thing entered the child stomach was saliva of Nabi. ﷺ Heﷺ than pat the chewed date into the infant’s mouth & rubbed it on the upper palate of the infant & prayed for Barkat.
[Bukhari: 5469; Book. 71; Eng vol. 7, Book. 66; Hadees. 378]
Some things are taken from other Hadees, from the same narration. The above act of dates to be spatted & rubbed on infant’s upper palate is called as TAHNEEK.
41. Hazrat Abu Moosa Ashari رضي الله عنه says that Tahneek was done by Nabiﷺ to his infant, & also Rasoolullahﷺ named his infant as Ibrahim (ابراهيم).
[Bukhari: 5467; Book. 71; Eng vol. 7, Book. 66; Hadees. 376]

Tahneek: -

It is to take a date or something sweet in our mouth & chew it a little, than put the date or the sweet thing into new born's mouth & rub the date at upper palate of new born's mouth for a while. Nabiﷺ use to do it, this is a Sunnah, which we should do it.  Now days, new born suffer from juvilian diabetes & lack of glucose, which causes brain damage of new born, by this Sunnah we can solve many problems of new born.

Dried Grapes & Tamar dates together prohibited: -

42. Hazrat Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه reported that Nabiﷺ prohibited the mixing of dried grapes (Zabib) and dry dates (Tamar) and (Basr) fresh dates.
[Muslim: 1986 A; Book. 36; Eng Book. 23; Hadees. 4896]􀀃
43. Abdullah Bin Abu Qatadah, from his father Nabiﷺ guided, do not combine fresh dates and unripe dates, or raisins and dates; rather make Nabiz with each one of them on its own.” (Separately).
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3523; Book. 30; Eng vol. 4; Book. 30, Hadees. 3397]

About Nabiz: -

According to many references & scholars, Nabiﷺ liked Nabiz very much. Nabiz is a syrup prepared by dates or raisins soaked overnight in water & this syrup (sharbat) should be drunk & this is called as Nabiz. But do not soak two types of dates together nor dates with raisins.
44. Hazrat Sahl Bin Sa’ad رضي الله عنه narrates that Abu Usaid As-Sa’di رضي الله عنه invited Rasoolullahﷺ at his Valima feast (marriage party) & after meal nabiz was given to Nabiﷺ to drink.
[Bukhari: 5176; Book. 67; Eng vol. 7; Book. 62; Hadees.105]􀀃
45. Narrated by Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه that Nabiﷺ prohibited making nabiz from Busr (البسر) (unripen dates) & Tamar dates together.
[Tirmizi: 1876; Book. 26; Eng vol. 3; Book. 24; Hadees. 1876]􀀃
(Nabiz is prepared by soaking dates in water & drink this Nabiz means we should not soak two different types of dates in water).
46. Narrated by Abu Saeed رضي الله عنه that Nabiﷺ prohibited mixing of unripen dates & dates together, & mixing of Raisins (dried grapes) & dates for making Nabiz & prohibited the jars that Nabiz is made in.
[Tirmizi: 1877; Book. 26; Eng vol. 3, Book. 24, Hadees. 1877]
47. Nabiﷺ prohibited to prepare Nabiz if the following: earthen pots, Dubba (pumpkin), trunk of palm dates tree, coated pitch, green pot & said I forbid you to use the above, but they do not make anything lawful nor unlawful, but every intoxicant is unlawful.
[Tirmizi: 1867, 1868, 1869; Book. 26; Eng. 3, Book. 24, Hadees. 1867,1868,1869]􀀃
(Means Nabiz gets toxic or alcoholic by the above means).
48. Narrated by A’isha رضي الله عنها that we use to prepare Nabiz for Nabiﷺ in a water skin (water bag) which was tie at the top & it had a small hole in it, Nabiz prepared in morning was drank at evening & which was prepared at evening was drank at morning.
[Tirmizi: 1871; Book. 26; Eng vol.3; Book. 24, Hadees. 1871]

A Feast: -

49. Hazrat Anas رضي الله عنه says that once my mother Umme Sulem رضي الله عنها ask me to give a basket of dates to Rasoolullahﷺ, Hazrat Anas رضي الله عنه went to Rasoolullahﷺ’s home, but he came to know that Rasoolullahﷺ has gone to a feast at his ex-slave to whom Nabiﷺ had freed in past. (Actually Nabiﷺ had freed this slave; the slave became a good tailor & earned good money for himself. Now he had invited Nabiﷺ for a feast along with some companions of Nabiﷺ). When Hazrat Anas رضي الله عنه reach the slave’s place, everybody was eating, Hazrat Anas رضي الله عنه was asked to join the feast & he did. They were served with Sareed (ثرد)made from pumpkin (kara’a), dried meat & jaw (barley) chapatti. Hazrat Anas رضي الله عنه knew that pumpkin (kara’a) was favourite to Rasoolullahﷺ & he use to collect pieces of pumpkin (kara’a) in front of Rasoolullahﷺ. Than after the feast, Hazrat Anas رضي الله عنه & Rasoolullahﷺ went to Rasoolullahﷺ’s home & Hazrat Anas رضي الله عنه gave the basket of dates. (The respected) Rasoolullahﷺ was eating the dates & distributing the dates among people, till the dates finished.
[Bukhari: 5379 & 5420; Book. 70; Eng vol. 7 Book. 65; Hadees. 291 & 331.]
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3428; Book. 29; In English vol. 4; Book. 29, Hadees. 3303]

(& also from other reference all are mixed & written, please note).

QURAN reciting people: -

50. Hazrat Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari رضي الله عنه says that Rasoolullahﷺ said "A believer who recites the Qur'an is like an orange whose fragrance is sweet and whose taste is sweet, a believer who does not recite the Qur'an is like a date which has no fragrance but has a sweet taste and the hypocrite (munafiq & faajir) who recites the Qur'an is like (Rayhan) basil whose fragrance is sweet, but whose taste is bitter and a hypocrite (munafiq & faajir) who does not recite the Qur'an is like the colocynth which has no fragrance and has a bitter taste.
[Bukhari: 5427; Book. 70; Eng vol. 7, Book. 65; Hadees. 338]
(Colocynth is a bitter cucumber & also bitter apple).

Rutab dates for Menstrual Problems: -

51. Hazrat Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه says, that Nabiﷺ said, that in my knowledge fresh ripen dates (الرطب) are best remedy for excessive menstrual flow & Honey (العسل) is best for patients (المريض).
[Abu Nu-aim 459]􀀃

A preparation with fenugreek seeds (Hulba) (Methi) for sick person: -

52. Once Hazrat Saad Bin Abi Waqqas رضي الله عنه fell ill in Makkah, Nabiﷺ visited him, and asked to call a doctor, Al Haris Bin Kuladah was called, he came and examined  Hazrat Saad رضي الله عنه , and said he is not serious, and advised to take dates (khajur), barley (jaw) & boiled fenugreek (seeds) (Methi) water & prepare daliya (soup like gravy) than put honey on it &  give to Hazrat Saad رضي الله عنه at early morning, luke warm. And Hazrat Saad رضي الله عنه got well; Nabiﷺ liked the preparation advised by Al Haris Bin Kuladah.
[At-tibb Al-Nabawi Harful Haa vol. 1; page no. 230]
53. Hazrat Sa'ad رضي الله عنه says that he fell ill, he had chest pain, Rasool Allahﷺ visited him & kept his respected palm on Hazrat Sa'ad رضي الله عنه chest, Hazrat Sa'ad رضي الله عنه felt the soothing effect in his whole chest & Rasoolullahﷺ prayed for him, & said that Sa'ad is suffering from cardiac problem. And Rasoolullahﷺ advised to take Hazrat Sa'ad رضي الله عنه to Haris Bin Kuladah (a hakim) And Rasoolullahﷺ said the physician should give 7 Ajwah (عجوة) (dates) of Madinah (المدينه) crushed, & with its seed grinded & put it in your mouth.
[Abu Dawud: 3875; Book no. 29; Eng Book. 28; Hadees no. 3866]􀀃

Gaba of dates (Jimaar) (جمار): -

It is called Jimaar & Shaham Annakhal in Arabic, & in Hadees it is called as Jimaar (جمار), it is obtained from date tree, it is gum of palm date tree. It is used for the following: - Loose motion, chest pain, TB, throat infection, soar voice, cough & cold, it makes the intestine strong, strengthens the body, makes blood pure, reduces swelling of kidneys, maintains general health, removes weakness, can be applied on wounds, But first the gum should be purified & than used.

Content of dates:

Glucose, sugar, vitamin A, vitamin B1, B2, B3, B12, calcium, phosphate, potassium, sulphur, sodium, magnesium, cobalt, zinc, fluorine, copper, manganese, cellulose, fructose, biotin, amino acids, fibers, carbohydrates, water, fats, iron, etc. Fresh dates have pitocin hormone which helps in delivery, it contracts the uterus.

Scientific benefits of dates: -

1. It helps in constipation.
2. Helpful in delivery (child birth) (Fresh dates).
3. Have great nutritive values.
4. Nourishes the brain.
5. Improves the peristalsis movement of intestine.
6. It forms RBC, bone marrow, hemoglobin thus good in anaemia & etc.
7. Maintains pH level of blood.
8. Reduces weight, fats and slims the body.
9. Protects against cancer.
10. Increases urine output, libido.
11. Strengthens the bone, teeth, eye sight, and ear nerves.
12. Reduces thyroid activity, so helpful in hyperthyroidism.
13. Helpful for liver function, dry lips, dry skin, cracked nails etc.
14. It improves the function of urinary bladder, stomach and intestines.
15. Best for pregnant.
16. Helps in kidney stones, gall stones, gouts, blood pressure, piles etc.
17. Can be eaten all season all age.
18. Can be used in all diseases but in little quantity.

Science & Hadees regarding Dates: -

Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, "Whoever takes seven 'Ajwah dates in the morning will not be effected by magic or poison on that day."  Nabiصلى الله عليه وسلم has also said, "There is a tree among the trees which is similar to a Muslim (in goodness), and that is the date palm tree." As Muslims we are wise to include these foods in our diet. Allah has blessed us with many good foods and in Quran (Surah A'araaf verse no. 160) it is said "Eat of the good foods We have provided for you."
Prophetصلى الله عليه وسلم used to break the fast by eating some dates before offering Magrib (sunset) prayer, and if ripe dates were not available, he used to substitute them with some dried dates. When they too were not available, he used to have a few sips of water, according to some reports. Modern science has proved that dates are part of a healthy diet. They contain sugar, fat and proteins, as well as important vitamins. Hence the great importance attached to them by the Prophetصلى الله عليه وسلم.
Dates are also rich in natural fibers & natural vitamin & other necessary elements, thus prevent cholesterol & triglycerides from increasing & prevent cardiac diseases. Modern medicine has shown that they are effective in preventing abdominal cancer. They also surpass other fruits in the sheer variety of their constituents. They contain oil, calcium, sulphur, iron, potassium, phosphorous, manganese, copper and magnesium. In other words, one date is the equivalent of a balanced and healthy diet. Arabs usually combine dates with milk and yogurt or bread, butter (A sweet dish called as Hais is Sunnah & beloved to Prophetصلى الله عليه وسلم). This combination indeed makes a balanced and nutritious diet for both mind and body. Dates and date palms have been mentioned in the Holy Quran nearly 20 times, thus showing their importance. Prophetصلى الله عليه وسلم compared good Muslims with the date palm tree, saying: "Among trees, there is a tree like a Muslim. Its leaves do not fall."
Maryam (Mary) (a.s), the mother of Isaa (a.s) (Jesus) was advised to eat dates as her food when she felt labor pains, during her confinement. Dates are definitely the "crown of sweets," and an ideal food which is easy to digest, and within half an hour of taking it, the tired body regains vigor. The reason for this is that lack of sugar in the blood is the main factor that makes people feel hungry. When the body absorbs the nutritional essence of a few dates, the feeling of hunger becomes appeased. Breaking the fast with dates helps one avoid over-eating later.
Experiments have also shown that dates contain some stimulants that strengthen the muscles of the uterus in the last months of pregnancy. This helps the dilation of the lower part of uterus (lower segment) at the time of delivery and reduces the bleeding after delivery (PPH). Dieticians consider dates as the best food for women in confinement and those who are breast-feeding. This is because dates contain elements that assist in alleviating depression in mothers and enriching the breast-milk with all the elements needed to make the child healthy and resistant to disease. Prophetصلى الله عليه وسلم has emphasized the importance of dates and their effectiveness. He صلى الله عليه وسلم has also recommended dates for excessive menstruation. Modern dietitians now recommend dates to be given to children suffering from nervous disorders or hyperactivity. The Prophetصلى الله عليه وسلم has also recommended dates as a medicine for heart troubles, according to some reports. Modern science has also proved the effectiveness of date, in preventing diseases of the respiratory system.
Science & Tahneek:-
It is to take a date or something sweet in your mouth and chew it a little, then put the date or the sweet thing into new born's mouth & rub the date at upper palate of new born's mouth for a while. Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم used to do it, this is Sunnah, which we should do it. Now a days, new born suffer from juvilian diabetes & lack of glucose, which causes brain damage of new born, by this Sunnah we can solve many problems of new born.
Cucumber & dates together: -
Cucumber & dates: Cucumber has a cold effect and dates have a hot one. By combining the two it becomes neutralized. From this Hadees we gather that it is recommended that the effect (hot or cold) of things eaten should be taken into consideration. Cucumber is insipid and tasteless, and dates are sweet which results in the cucumber also tasting sweet. Both are opposite to each other & cucumber are rich in water contains.
Please match the nutritional facts of both cucumber & dates & see what a combination both are both makes a perfect nutrition & are opposite to each other. This is the miracle of Sunnah of Prophetصلى الله عليه وسلم eating both together.

Nutritional value of dates. 100 grams of dates has 282 calories. Nutritional value of Cucumber. 100 grams of Cucumber has 16 calories only.
Water content in dry dates 10% to 20%. Water content in cucumber 96%.
Total Fat 0.4 g 0% Total Fat 0.1 g 0%
Saturated fat 0 g 0% Saturated fat 0 g 0%
Polyunsaturated fat 0 g  Polyunsaturated fat 0 g 
Monounsaturated fat 0 g  Monounsaturated fat 0 g 
Cholesterol 0 mg 0% Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium 2 mg 0% Sodium 2 mg 0%
Potassium 656 mg 18% Potassium 147 mg 4%
Total Carbohydrate 75 g 25% Total Carbohydrate 3.6 g 1%
Dietary fiber 8 g 32% Dietary fiber 0.5 g 2%
Sugar 63 g  Sugar 1.7 g 
Protein 2.4 g 4% Protein 0.6 g 1%
Vitamin A 0% Vitamin A 2%
Vitamin C % Vitamin C 4%
Calcium 3% Calcium 1%
Iron 5% Iron 1%
Vitamin D 0% Vitamin D 0%
Vitamin B6 10% Vitamin B6 10%
Magnesium 10% Magnesium 3%

Watermelon & Dates together: -
Match the nutrition of both & judge, both are opposite to each other & the combination make a perfect nutrition. This is miracle of Sunnah of Prophet ﷺ eating both together.

Nutritional value of dates. 100 grams of dates has 282 calories. Nutritional value of watermelon. 100 grams of Watermelon has 30 calories only.
Water content in dry dates 10% to 20%. Water content in watermelon 92%.
Total Fat 0.4 g 0% Total Fat 0.1 g 0%
Saturated fat 0 g 0% Saturated fat 0 g 0%
Polyunsaturated fat 0 g  Polyunsaturated fat 0 g 
Monounsaturated fat 0 g  Monounsaturated fat 0 g 
Cholesterol 0 mg 0% Cholesterol 0 mg 0%
Sodium 2 mg 0% Sodium 1 mg 0%
Potassium 656 mg 18% Potassium 112 mg 18%
Total Carbohydrate 75 g 25% Total Carbohydrate 8 g 25%
Dietary fiber 8 g 32% Dietary fiber 0.4 g 32%
Sugar 63 g  Sugar 6 g 
Protein 2.4 g 4% Protein 0.6 g 4%
Vitamin A 0% Vitamin A 11%
Vitamin C % Vitamin C 13%
Calcium 3% Calcium 0%
Iron 5% Iron 1%
Vitamin D 0% Vitamin D 0%
Vitamin B6 10% Vitamin B6 0%
Magnesium 10% Magnesium 2%

Conclusion of Hadees: -

1. Eat fresh ripen dates & watermelon or Mashmelon together because one cools the other. Eat the following together: butter & dried dates together, cucumber & dates, Balah (fresh unripen dates) & Tamar (dried dates).
2. Avoid making Nabiz (syrup) from two types of dates or dates & raisins, semi ripen dates & ripen dates together are Khamr (intoxicant). 7 Ajwah dates eaten early morning on empty stomach prevents black magic, evil eye, cardiac problems, skin disease & Ajwah dates are from Jannah.
3. Dates if eaten early morning on empty stomach are helpful in worms infection, inferior complex. Keep dates always at home & it has Barkat in it as Muslims have. Do not pick more than 1 dates at a time to eat, do not eat excessively during or after illness, 7 dates at one time are best. They are best nutrition, do Tahneek to new born with dates. This lesson has 53 Hadees.