1. Abu Sufyan رضي الله عنه said that "Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari, Jabir Bin Abdullah and Anas Bin Malik told me that when this verse was revealed:
[Surah Taubah: 108]
Translation: In it (the mosque) are men who love to clean and to purify themselves. And Allah loves those who make themselves clean and pure.
Nabi ﷺ said: O Ansar! Allah has praised you for your cleanliness. What is the nature of your cleanliness? They said: We perform ablution (wazoo) for prayer and we take bath to cleanse ourselves of impurity due to sexual activity and we clean ourselves with water (after urinating). He ﷺ said: This is what it is. So adhere to it.
[Ibn Majah: 383; Book. 1; English vol. 1; Book. 1, Hadees: 355]
2. Abu Malik Ash'ari رضي الله عنه reported that Nabi ﷺ said: Cleanliness is half of faith (نِصْفُ الإِيمَانِ).
[Muslim: 223; Book. 2; English Book. 2; Hadees. 432]
(It is a part of a long Hadees).
3. Narrated by Salih Bin Abil Hassan: I heard Saeed Bin Musayyab saying: Indeed Allah is Tayyib (Good) and He loves Tayyib (what is good) and He is Nazeef (clean) and He loves cleanliness, He is Kareem (kind) and He loves kindness, He is Jawwaad (Generous) and He loves generosity. So clean - I think he said - your courtyards and do not resemble the Jews. He said: I mentioned that to Muhajir Bin Mismar and he said: Amir Bin Saad narrated it to me from his father from Nabi ﷺ similarly, except that he did not say: Clean your courtyards.
[Tirmizi: 3029; Book. 43, English vol. 5; Book. 41, Hadees. 2799]
4. Narrated by Huzaifa رضي الله عنه that, whenever Nabi ﷺ got up at night, He used to clean His mouth with Siwak (miswaak).
[Bukhari: 245; Book. 4; English vol. 1; Book. 4; Hadees. 246]
5. A’isha رضي الله عنها says that Nabi ﷺ ordered the construction of Masjid in all Dur (i.e. in the locality of each tribe separately) and that they be kept clean and scented.
[Tirmizi: 594; Book. 6, English vol. 2; Book. 51, Hadees: 594]
6. It was narrated from Abdullah Bin Masood رضي الله عنه, that Nabi ﷺ forbade cleaning oneself with bones or dung.
[Nasa’i: 39; Book. 1; English vol. 1; Book. 1, Hadees: 39]
7. It was narrated that Salman said: The idolaters said: We see that your companion teaches you how to go to the toilet. He said: Yes, He ﷺ forbade us from cleaning ourselves with our right hand and from facing toward the Qiblah and He ﷺ said: None of you should clean with less than three stones.
[Nasai: 49; Book. 1; Eng. 1; Book. 1, Hadees: 49]
8. Narrated by A’isha رضي الله عنها that Nabi ﷺ used to like to start from the right side on wearing shoes, combing His hair and cleaning or washing Himself and on doing anything else.
[Bukhari: 168; Book. 4; English vol. 1; Book. 4; Hadees. 169]
9. Hazrat Anas رضي الله عنه reports that Nabi ﷺ often applied oil on His Head and also often combed His Beard. He used to put a cloth over His Head, which became like an oil cloth due to the frequent use of oil.
[Shamaa’il Muhammadiyah: 33; Book. 4; Hadees. 32; English Book. 4; Hadees. 32]
10. Narrated by A’isha رضي الله عنها that Nabi ﷺ took a bath of Janaba (after intercourse), He ﷺ washed His Hands first.
[Bukhari: 262; Book. 5; English vol. 1; Book. 5; Hadees. 262]
11. Qais Bin Asim رضي الله عنه narrated that he accepted Islam and Nabi ordered him to perform Ghusl (bath) with water and Sidr (Jujube leaves).
[Tirmizi: 605; Book. 6, English vol. 2; Book. 1, Hadees: 605]
12. Narrated by A’isha رضي الله عنه that Nabi ﷺ used to take a bath on account of sexual defilement, on Friday, for cupping and washing the dead.
[Abu Dawud: 3160; Book. 21; English Book. 20; Hadees. 3154]
13. Narrated by Ibn Umar رضي الله عنهما that Nabi ﷺ said: To shave the pubic hair, to clip the nails and to cut the moustaches short are characteristics of the Fitra.
[Bukhari: 5890; Book. 77; English vol. 7; Book. 72; Hadees. 778]
14. Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه reported that, five are the acts of fitra: circumcision, removing the pubes, clipping the moustache, cutting the nails, plucking the hair under the armpits.
[Muslim: 257 B; Book. 2; English Book. 2; Hadees. 496]
15. Anas رضي الله عنه reported: A time limit has been prescribed for us for clipping the moustache, cutting the nails, plucking hair under the armpits, shaving pubes; it should not be neglected far more than forty nights.
[Muslim: 258; Book. 2; English Book. 2; Hadees. 49]
16. Narrated by Umme Salma رضي الله عنها that Nabi ﷺ would coat (with hair removing cream) and remove the pubic hairs with His Hand.
[Ibn Majah: 3752; Book. 33; English vol. 5; Book. 33, Hadees 3752]
Lesson no. 12 Sidr (Ber) (Jujube), Lesson no. 39 Water, Lesson no. 70 Rules about Intercourse & Lesson no. 71 Marriage (Nikah).
Cleanliness and purification is one of the great privileges of Islam. It has evolved a wonderful system that encompasses Muslim life on individual and social levels. Islam places great emphasis on cleanliness, in both physical and spiritual terms. The attention to hygiene is the aspect which is an unknown concern in any other religion or philosophy before Islam. While people generally consider cleanliness a desirable attribute, Islam insists on it, making it an indispensable fundamental of faith. Cleanliness is an essential part of Islamic life and in fact the meaning and spirit behind the concept of cleanliness is much beyond the superficial concept of the conventional cleanliness
In the Holy Quran, there are a number of verses which shed light at the importance of cleanliness: Truly, Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly and He loves those who keep themselves pure and clean. (Al Baqarah: 222) At another place Allah says: “In it (mosque) are men who love to clean and to purify themselves. And Allah loves those who make themselves clean and pure. (9:108) Cleanliness and purity has been emphasized by various means in hundreds of Hadees of the Prophet ﷺ. In a Hadith He ﷺ said: Cleanliness is half of faith.
[Muslim: 223; Book. 2; English Book. 2; Hadees. 432]
(It is a part of a long Hadees).
The importance of cleanliness can be estimated from the fact that the books of Hadees as well as the Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) start with a chapter on cleanliness. There are two terms used in Islamic literature: taharah and nazafah. Taharah (Cleanliness from physical impurities) is required by Islam to be observed by each and every Muslim in his and her daily life while nazafah (neatness) is a desirable attribute.
There are two kinds of cleanliness; physical and spiritual. As far as physical cleanliness is concerned, it is of two types. One which is related to human body and the other is related to environment, water, house, road and public places. Muslims are required to observe cleanliness from the excretions of the penis, vagina or anus. Semen, sperm, urine, menstruation, vaginal fluid, stool and blood are impure and require compulsory modes of cleanliness. Muslims wash their genitals after passing urine and secretion and take bath every time they have intercourse with their mates. Muslims also enjoined to use water after eliminating body wastes. They are categorically prohibited to have sex with their wives during menses.
A Muslim is obliged to make ablution (wazoo) if exposed to minor impurities. This means they must wash off those parts of the body (like hand, feet, face, nostrils etc) which are commonly exposed to dust, dirt and environmental pollution. Before every prayer (at least five times a day) and before recital of the Quran, Muslims are asked to perform this ablution (wazoo). Likewise, Muslims are enjoined to have a Ghusl (bathe) after ejaculation, sexual intercourse, menstruation and lochia (virginal discharge after delivery). While at many other occasions, bathing is recommended as for Friday prayer, festival days, in Hajj etc
Muslims are duty bound to keep the nails clipped, to remove hair from the armpit and from the pubic area as a matter of routine practice. Muslim males are required to get circumcised to avoid even faint traces of urine entrapped in the foreskin of the genitals. They are also instructed to trim their moustaches in order to avert oral intakes. Islam has directed towards taking care of mouth using any purifying agent like miswaak. Brushing teeth (once/twice daily) is very recent development of near past, but Muslims are accustomed this herbal brush for the past 1400 years, five times a day prior to each ablution. There are a number of Hadees that lay special stress on cleaning teeth, hands and hair.
Apart from body, Islam requires to keep clothes, houses and streets clean. In fact a Muslim cannot offer his prayers with unclean body, clothes or on dirty premises. They are asked to use clean water and keep it safe from impurities and pollution. The particular chapter of taharah starts with the classification of water and goes on to describe how water gets impure or polluted
Moreover, Islam instructs Muslims to maintain the cleanliness of the roads and streets. This is considered a charity to ridding the streets of impurities and filth. Prophet strictly warned against it and considered it one of the reasons to provoke Allah's curse and the people's curse, saying: Beware of the three acts that cause others to curse you: relieving yourselves in a watering place, on foot paths or shaded places.
Apart from physical cleanliness, Islam emphasizes on spiritual cleanliness. This means that one is free from polytheism, hypocrisy and ill manners, love of wealth, love of fame and other carnal desires. The emphasis in Islam is more on the cleanliness of the inner-self that is heart, mind and soul. The external cleaning process and rituals in reality are the preparatory ground work to obtain the more important task and that is cleanliness of the inner-self, which is the ultimate goal of the religion. Islam requires the sincere believer to sanitize and purify his entire way of life. The directives of Zakah (alms) and fasting are nothing but to purify ones wealth and soul.
Cleanliness is the pathway to health and strength. Islam wants a healthy and strong Muslim society which is immune against infectious diseases and is capable of understanding and applying Allah's message and carrying it away to the whole world. The Holy Quran says: You are the best community that has been raised up for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong and believing In Allah.
In view of the significance of cleanliness in Islam, Muslims should have the highest standard of cleanliness and personal hygiene of all the people in the world. But, it is highly regrettable that the heap of garbage has become an identity of Muslim homes and localities. The Muslim majority areas are marked with unhygienic and unhealthy conditions.
Islam has emphasis very much on keeping the surrounding, environment & neighbourhood clean & it is said that it is a good deed (Sawaab) to keep our surrounding etc clean & if our unclean things or methods harm or matters our neighbours than is it said that this is a sin (gunah).
Also it is mentioned in Hadees that if anyone removes any harmful thing from the road or surrounding, this is a good deed (Sadqah) & one should not worry their neighbours with their waste garbage or etc & keep their personal hygiene, keep their houses clean & surroundings clean.