Lesson no. 13: Garlic. (ثوم)

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Names of Garlic: -

1. It is called as Fum in Quran.
2. In Hadees it is called as Saum (ثوم)
3. In Arabic it is called as Thum. (Fum)
4. In Hindi, Urdu & Sanskrit it is called as Lasun.
5. Botanical name is Allium sativum.
6. Family is Liliaceae.
7. Leek is called as kuraas.

Quranic references of it:

1. Chapter 2 (Sura) Baqara verse no.61.

وَإِذْ قُلْتُمْ يَا مُوسَىٰ لَنْ نَصْبِرَ عَلَىٰ طَعَامٍ وَاحِدٍ فَادْعُ لَنَا رَبَّكَ يُخْرِجْ لَنَا مِمَّا تُنْبِتُ الْأَرْضُ مِنْ بَقْلِهَا وَقِثَّائِهَا وَفُومِهَا وَعَدَسِهَا وَبَصَلِهَا

Translation: And [remember] when you said: "O Moses (Moosa عليه السلام), indeed we cannot endure but one kind of food; pray, then, to thy Sustainer that He bring forth for us aught of what grows from the earth- of its herbs, its cucumber, its garlic, its lentils, its onions.
Please note: The leek is the vegetable that belongs, along with onion and garlic, to the genus Allium, currently placed in family Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Allioideae. Picture is given in onion lesson.

Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم's guidance about Garlic: -

Arabic words written in below references are the words mentioned in respected Hadees. You can confirm the references of Hadees at sunna.com & Al-Maktab Al-Shamilah (المكتبة الشاملة) also. You can visit my website on www.tib-e-nabi-for-you.com or bloggers at www.drshakeel-tibenabi.com

Disliking of Garlic smell & disallowed to come in or near Masjid: -

1. Nabiﷺ disallowed people coming in masjid or near masjid, after eating Saum (ثوم) (garlic).
[Bukhari: 5451 & 5452; Book. 70; English vol. 7; Book. 65; Hadees. 362 & 363]
2. Hazrat Jabir رضي الله عنه says that Nabiﷺ said those who eat onion (بصل) or garlic (ثوم), be far or disallowed coming in masjid.
[Tirmizi: 1806; Book. 25; English vol. 3; Book. 23; Hadees. 1806]
(Because of its bad smell).
3. Narrated Jabir Bin Samurah that Hazrat Abu Ayyub رضي الله عنه was staying with Nabiﷺ, whenever any dish (meal) use to come to Nabiﷺ, (respected) Nabiﷺ use to eat & give me the remaining, one day a dish came, from which Nabiﷺ did not ate at all, because it contained Garlic (ثوم), Hazrat Abu Ayyub رضي الله عنه asked to Nabiﷺ, is saum (ثوم) (garlic) haraam (حرام)?. To this Nabiﷺ replied NO, but how ever, i dislike its smell.
[Tirmizi: 1807; Book. 25; English vol. 3; Book. 23; Hadees. 1807]
4. Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه reported that Nabiﷺ said, He who eats of this plant (garlic) should not approach our mosque (Masjid) and should not harm us with the odour of garlic.
[Muslim: 562 B; Book no. 5; In English volume no. 4; Hadees no. 1144]
5. Narrated by Abdul Aziz that it was asked to Anas رضي الله عنه "What did you hear, Nabiﷺ saying about garlic (ثوم)?"Anas رضي الله عنه replied, "Whoever has eaten (garlic) should not approach our mosque (Masjid)".
[Bukhari: 5451; Book. 70; English vol. 7; Book. 65; Hadees. 362]
6. Ibn Suhaib reported that Anas رضي الله عنه was asked about the garlic (ثوم); he stated that Nabiﷺ said: He who eats of this plant (garlic) should not approach us and pray along with us.
[Muslim: 562 A; Book. 5; English volume. 4; Hadees. 1143]
7. Narrated Abu Saeed Khudri رضي الله عنه that the garlic (ثوم) and onions (بصل) were mentioned before Nabiﷺ & Heﷺ said, “The most severe of them is garlic (ثوم). Would you make it unlawful? Nabiﷺ replied, Eat it, and he who eats it should not come near this mosque (Masjid) until its odor goes away.
[Abu Dawud: 3823; Book. 28; English Book. 27; Hadees. 3814]􀀃
8. Narrated by Ibn Umar رضي الله عنهما that during the holy battle of Khaibar Nabiﷺ said, "Whoever ate from this plant (i.e. garlic) should not enter our mosque (Masjid)."
[Bukhari: 853; Book. 10; English vol. 1; Book. 12; Hadees. 812]
9. Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنهما reported that Nabiﷺ said, He who eats of this (offensive) plant, i. e garlic, and sometimes Heﷺ said, He who eats onion (بصل) and garlic and leek (الكراث), should not approach our mosque (Masjid) for the angels are harmed by the same things as the children of Adam.
[Muslim: 564 B; Book no. 5; In English Book no. 4, Hadees no. 1147]
10. Narrated by Jabir رضي الله عنه that Nabiﷺ said, "Whoever eats from garlic (ثوم), then repeated saying garlic (ثوم), onion (بصل), and leek (الكراث), then let him not approach our Masjid".
[Tirmizi: 1806; Book. 25; English vol. 3, Book. 23, Hadees. 1806]
11. Ibn Umar رضي الله عنهما reported that Nabiﷺ said He who eats of this (offensive) plant must not approach our mosque (Masjid), till its odor dies: (plant signifies) garlic.
[Muslim: 561 B; Book no. 5; In English Book no. 4, Hadees no. 1142]
12. Hazrat Umme Ayyub رضي الله عنهما says that I prepared a dish for Nabiﷺ which had many vegetables cooked in it like garlic (ثوم) etc, Nabiﷺ did not ate it & said I do not like the bad smell coming from my mouth & people getting irritated.
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3489; Book. 29; English vol. 4; Book. 29; Hadees. 3364]

A Group of people & Garlic: -

13. Narrated by Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنهما that Nabiﷺ said, "Whoever has eaten garlic (ثوم) or onion (بصل), should keep away from us, or should keep away from our mosque (Masjid) and should stay at home." Ibn Wahb said, "Once a plate full of cooked vegetables was brought to the Nabiﷺ at Badr. Detecting a bad smell from it, Heﷺ asked about the dish and was informed of the kinds of vegetables in contained. Heﷺ then said, "Bring it near," and so it was brought near to one of his companions who were with him. When Nabiﷺ saw it, Heﷺ disliked eating it and said (to his companion), "Eat, for I talk in secret to ones whom you do not talk to".
[Bukhari: 7359; Book. 96; English vol. 9; Book. 92; Hadees. 458] (Means talk to angles).
14. Narrated by Jabir رضي الله عنه that a group of people came to Nabiﷺ and Heﷺ noticed the smell of leeks coming from them. Heﷺ said, “Did I not forbid you to eat these vegetables? For the angels are offended by that which offends people”.
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3490; Book. 29; English vol. 4, Book 29, Hadees. 3365.
(Means because by its bad smell in breath people & farishtaas (angel) of Allah Ta'lah get irritated).

Raw Garlic & Onion & their smell: -

15. Narrated by Ata that he heard Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنهما saying, that Nabiﷺ said 'Whoever eats (from) this plant (he meant garlic) should keep away from our mosque (Masjid)." I said, "What does he mean by that?" He replied, "I think he means only raw garlic (ثوم)".
[Bukhari: 854; Book. 10; In English vol. 1; Book. 12; Hadees. 813]
16. Narrated by Mu'awiyah Ibn Qurrah رضي الله عنه that Nabiﷺ forbade these two plants (i.e. garlic and onions), and said, He who eats them should not come near our mosque (Masjid). If it is necessary to eat them, make them dead by cooking, that is, onions and garlic.
[Abu Dawud: 3827; Book. 28; English Book. 27; Hadees. 3818]􀀃
17. Narrated by Sharik Bin Hanbal that Ali رضي الله عنه said, "Eating (raw) garlic (ثوم) is no good, except when cooked".
[Tirmizi: 1809; Book. 25; English vol. 3, Book. 23, Hadees. 1809]􀀃
18. Narrated by Hazrat Ma’daan Bin Abi Talha Ya’mir رضي الله عنه once Umar Bin Khattab رضي الله عنه on Friday khutba said that if you want to eat garlic (ثوم), onion (بصل), use them in cooked food (means avoid them eating raw & coming in public & also avoid there bad smell in breath or mouth). (This is a long Hadees).
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3488; Book. 29; English vol. 4; Book. 29; Hadees. 3363]
19. Narrated by Sharik Bin Hanbal from Ali رضي الله عنه said, "Eating garlic was prohibited except when cooked".
[Tirmizi: 1808; Book. 25; In English vol. 3; Book. 23, Hadees. 1808]

Content of it: -

Carbohydrates, sugars, fibers, protein, vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5, B7, C, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, zinc, selenium, volatile oils, sulphur etc.

Scientific benefits of Garlic:

1. It lowers high blood pressure.
2. Good for arthritis, worms, bronchitis, asthma, TB, lungs infection, stomach infection, reduces cough, increases digestion, good for ear diseases.
3. When used with salt, it helps in migraine, gas, hysteria, sciatica, paralysis, gouts and many other diseases.
4. Best use in cooked food
5. Its juice can be applied on wounds, ulcers, abscesses etc.
6. Reduces cholesterol, LDL, triglyceride, It has natural sulphurs, by which body, prepares co-enzymes for metabolism.
7. Best for staphylococcus, E-coli and many bacterial infections.
8. It has anti bacterial properties.
How to use:-
1. Eat 2 to 3 garlic cloves early morning to reduce cholesterol and triglyceride. (Eat in little quantity only). Or prepare pickles, chatni out of it and use.
2. Can be used in cooking,
3. Fresh garlic’s with its leaves are best in cold climate. And have many other benefits.
4. In cold climates or cold region it is very beneficial, but use in mild quality.
5. Bad for sex, if used in excessive quantity.
6. Eat anything having good aroma after eating Garlic raw so that its smell do not irritates other people.
7. Can be use for ear infection, take 3 garlic and little oil of any kind, heat both on low flame till the garlic gets black, than filter and put in the ears in mild warm condition, 2 to 3 times a day
8. Can be used in all types of wounds.
9. Single clove is best for medicinal use.
10. Can be eaten at early morning in winter season

Types of garlic:-

There are many types of garlic available:-
1. Garlic with multiple cloves, it is best for cooking purpose.
2. Garlic with single clove, it is best for medicinal purpose.

Contra-indications: -

1. Do not use in diarrhea, Bleeding disorders, Namaz time (Salah time), Do not use it in weak sex.

Science & Hadees regarding Garlic: -

1. In Prophetصلى الله عليه وسلم time mostly people were poor, in Arab much vegetables did not grew, vegetables from other parts of the world were not every time available, people use to eat raw garlic very often & we all know that it has a very offensive smell in breath which irritates other people, & Prophetصلى الله عليه وسلم strictly prohibited to eat raw garlic, but allowed to eat it in cooked food, & prohibited to come in Masjid or near it with its smell in breath, because in Masjid there are angles, who also get irritated with its smell, And by this rule all bad smell things should be avoided in Masjid or near it. The people often use to come in Masjid with its smell in breath, & may be people of that time ate raw garlic in much quantity to fulfill their hunger, & it is seen that the bad smell is very offensive if raw garlic is eaten in much quantity & remains for very long in the breath & also its smell is found in sweating which is again bad. And also cause excessive unwanted gas formation & its expulsion & if this occurs in public it is thing of irritating for others.
2. Today no body eats garlic raw full stomach because today we have all types of vegetables available all season thus garlic remains an ingredient of food. Thought its medicinal properties are not neglected.

Adverse effects and toxicology: -

Garlic is known for causing bad breath (halitosis), as well as causing sweat to have a pungent "garlicky" smell, which is caused by Allyl methyl sulfide (AMS). AMS is a volatile liquid which is absorbed into the blood during the metabolism of garlic-derived sulfur compounds; from the blood it travels to the lungs (and from there to the mouth, causing bad breath) and skin, where it is exuded through skin pores.
And if eaten in excessive quantity (raw) may cause people suffer from allergies to garlic and other species of Allium. Symptoms can include irritable bowel,  diarrhea, mouth and throat ulcerations, nausea, breathing difficulties, and in rare cases, anaphylaxis. Garlic-sensitive patients show positive tests to  diallyl disulfide, allylpropyldisulfide, allylmercaptan and allicin, all of which are present in garlic.

Conclusion of Hadees: -

1. Do not come in Masjid or in public after eating raw vegetables whose bad smell comes from mouth. We can eat them cooked in food & bad smell should not come from mouth. Nabiصلى الله عليه وسلم did not liked bad smell, specially from mouth because Angle use to come to Him bringing Messages & Quranic verses from Allah & Angles get irritated by te bad smell even people get irritated. This lesson has 19 Hadees.