Lesson no. 72. Veil (Hijab): -

Quranic references of Hijab: -

Chapter (Surah) 33 Al-Ahzab, verse no. (Ayah) 59.

Surah Al-Ahzaab: 59 سورة الاحزاب: ٥٩
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُل لِّأَزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِن جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ أَدْنَىٰ أَن يُعْرَفْنَ فَلَا يُؤْذَيْنَ ۗوَكَانَ اللَّـهُ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا ﴿٥٩﴾
“O Prophet! Tell thy wives and daughters and the believing women that they should cast their outer garments over their persons (when abroad): that is most convenient that they should be known (as such) and not molested: and Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful”.

Chapter (Surah) 24 An-Noor verse no. (Ayah) 31

Surah Al-Noor: 31 سورة النور: ٣١
وَقُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا ۖوَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَىٰ جُيُوبِهِنَّ ۖ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَائِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَائِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي أَخَوَاتِهِنَّ أَوْ نِسَائِهِنَّ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُنَّ أَوِ التَّابِعِينَ غَيْرِ أُولِي الْإِرْبَةِ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ أَوِ الطِّفْلِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَظْهَرُوا عَلَىٰ عَوْرَاتِ النِّسَاءِ ۖ وَلَا يَضْرِبْنَ بِأَرْجُلِهِنَّ لِيُعْلَمَ مَا يُخْفِينَ مِن زِينَتِهِنَّ ۚ وَتُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّـهِ جَمِيعًا أَيُّهَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ ﴿٣١﴾
“And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what (must ordinarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband's fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers or their brothers' sons, or their sisters' sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hands possess, or male servants free of physical needs, or small children who have no sense of the shame of sex; and that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden ornaments. And O’ ye Believers! turn ye all together towards Allah, that ye may attain Bliss”.

Revealing of veiling (Hijab) verses of Quran: -

1. Narrated by Anas رضي الله عنه that I know (about) the Hijab (the order of veiling of women) more than anybody else. Ubai Bin Ka`b رضي الله عنه used to ask me about it. Nabi ﷺ became the bridegroom of Zainab Bint Jahsh رضي الله عنها whom He ﷺ married in Madinah. After the sun had raised high in the sky, Nabi ﷺ invited the people to a meal. Nabi ﷺ remained sitting and some people remained sitting with Him after the other guests had left. Then Nabi ﷺ got up and went away and I too, followed Him till He ﷺ reached the door of A’isha's رضي الله عنها room. Then He ﷺ thought that the people must have left the place by then, so He ﷺ returned and I also returned with Him. Behold, the people were still sitting at their places. So He ﷺ went back again for the second time and I went along with Him too. When we reached the door of A’isha's رضي الله عنها room, He ﷺ returned and I also returned with Him to see that the people had left. Thereupon Nabi ﷺ hung a curtain between me and Him and the Verse regarding the order for (veiling of women) Hijab was revealed.
[Bukhari: 5466; Book. 70; English vol. 7; Book. 65; Hadees. 375]
2. Anas Bin Malik رضي الله عنه said that Zainab Bint Jahsh رضي الله عنها used to boast to other wives of Nabi ﷺ saying: Allah married me to Him  from above the Heavens. And the Verse of Hijab was revealed concerning her.
[Nasa’i: 3252; Book. 26; English vol. 4; Book. 26, Hadees: 3254]
3. Narrated by Anas Bin Malik رضي الله عنه that, the verse of Al-Hijab (veiling of women) was revealed in connection with Zainab Bint Jahsh رضي الله عنها. (On the day of her marriage with Him) Nabi ﷺ gave a marriage banquet with bread and meat; and she used to boast before other wives of Nabi ﷺ and used to say, "Allah married me (to Nabi ﷺ)".
[Chapter 33, Surah Ahzab verse no. 53]

يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَدْخُلُوا بُيُوتَ النَّبِيِّ إِلَّا أَنْ يُؤْذَنَ لَكُمْ إِلَىٰ طَعَامٍ غَيْرَ نَاظِرِينَ إِنَاهُ

Translation: 'O you who believe! Enter not the Prophet's houses until leave is given to you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation, ask them from behind a screen.' (33.53) So the screen was set up and the people went away.
[Bukhari: 7241; Book. 97; English vol. 9; Book. 93; Hadees. 517]

Umar advised for veils: -

4. Narrated by Umar رضي الله عنه that I said: Oh! Rasoolullah ﷺ good and bad persons enter upon you, so I suggest that you order the mothers of the Believers (i.e. your wives) to observe veils. Then Allah revealed the verse of Al- Hijab. [Bukhari: 4790; Book. 65; English vol. 6; Book. 60; Hadees. 313]

Veils (Hijab) not required for uncle: -

5. Narrated by A’isha رضي الله عنها that Aflah, the brother of Abul Quais, asked permission to visit me after the order of Al-Hijab was revealed. I said: I will not permit him unless I take permission of Nabi ﷺ about him for it was not the brother of Abul Quais but the wife of Abul Quais that nursed me. Nabi ﷺ entered upon me and I said to Him: O Rasoolullah ﷺ! Aflah, the brother of Abul Quais asked permission to visit me but I refused to permit him unless I took your permission. Nabi  said: What stopped you from permitting him? He is your uncle.
[Bukhari: 4796; Book. 65; English vol. 6; Book. 60; Hadees. 319]

Veils (Hijab) necessary to be done for every woman infront of mehram (by whom marriage is allowed): -

6. Abu Abdullah Salim Sabalan said that A’isha رضي الله عنها liked my honesty and hired me and she showed me how Nabi ﷺ used to perform ablution (Wazoo). She rinsed her mouth, sniffed water into her nose and blew it out three times and washed her face three times. Then she washed her right hand three times and her left hand three times. Then she put her hand on the front of her head and wiped her head once, front to back. Then she rubbed her ears with her hands and then she passed her hands over her cheeks. Salim said: I came to her as a slave with a contract of manumission and she did not hide herself from me. She would sit before me and talk to me, until I came to her one day and said: Pray for blessing for me, O Mother of Believers. She said: Why is that? I said: Allah has set me free. She said: May Allah bless you. Then she lowered the Hijab before me and I never saw her again after that day.
[Nasa’i: 100; Book. 1; English vol. 1; Book. 1, Hadees: 100]

Veils (Hijab) are for both male & female: -

7. Umme Salma رضي الله عنها said that I was with Nabi ﷺ along with Maimunah رضي الله عنها when Ibn Umme Maktoom رضي الله عنه (who was blind) came to visit him. (This incident took place after the order of Hijab). Nabi ﷺ told us to hide ourselves from him (i.e., observe Hijab). We said: "O Rasoolullah ﷺ, he is blind and is unable to see us, nor does he know us." He ﷺ replied: "Are you also blind and unable to see him?"
[Riyadh As-Salihin: 1626 Book. 18; English Book. 18; Hadees. 116]
8. Narrated by A’isha رضي الله عنها that may Allah have mercy on the early immigrant women. When the verse "That they should draw their veils over their bosoms" was revealed, they tore their thick outer garments and made veils from them.
[Abu Dawud: 4102; Book 34; English Book. 33; Hadees. 4091]
9. It was narrated from Urwah that A’isha رضي الله عنها said that Nabi ﷺ used to pray Fajr and the believing women would attend (the prayer) with Him, wrapped in their aprons, then they would go back to their houses and no one would recognize them.
[Muslim: 645 A; Book. 5; English Book. 4; Hadees. 1345]
10. It was narrated that A’isha رضي الله عنها said: “The riders used to pass by us when we were with Nabi ﷺ in Ihraam and when they drew near to us we would lower our jilbabs from our heads over our faces, then when they had passed we would uncover them again.
[Abu Dawud: 1833; Book. 11; English Book. 10; Hadees. 1829]
11. It was narrated that Asma Bint Abi Bakr رضي الله عنها said: We used to cover our faces in front of men.
[Ibn Khuzaimah, 4/203; Haakim: 1/624]
12. It was narrated that Aasim Al Ahwaal said: We used to enter upon Hafsah Bint Sireen who had put her jilbab thus and covered her face with it and we would say to her: May Allah have mercy on you. Allah says (means): And as for women past childbearing who do not expect wedlock, it is no sin on them if they discard their (outer) clothing in such a way as not to show their adornment (Noor: 60). And she would say: What comes after that? We would say: But to refrain (i.e. not to discard their outer clothing) is better for them. And she would say: That is confirming the idea of hijab.
[Al-Bayhaqi: 7/93]
13. Narrated by A’isha رضي الله عنها that she used to say: “When (the Verse): “They should draw their veils over their necks and bosoms, was revealed, (ladies) cut their waist sheets at the edges and covered their faces with the cut pieces.”
[Bukhari: 4759; Book. 65; English vol. 6; Book. 60; Hadees. 282]

Questions & Answers: -

Question: - It is permissible for a female doctor to take off her hijab when visiting patients, even if the laws governing her work require doing that?
Answer: - Wearing hijab in front of non-mahram men is a definite obligation as is indicated by the Quran, Sunnah and scholarly consensus. Hence it is not permissible for anyone to instruct a woman to do the contrary or to prevent a woman who wants to comply with that. It is not permissible for a woman to take this obligation lightly or to uncover any part of her body, unless she is compelled to do that by a case of necessity which makes that which is ordinarily prohibited permissible.
Question: - I am a girl who does not wear hijab. Does that mean that my fasting in Ramzaan is invalid?
Answer: - If a woman does not wear hijab, then she is disobeying her Lord thereby, but her fast is still valid, because sins, including not wearing hijab, do not invalidate the fast, but they detract from its reward and may cause it to be lost altogether.

Scientific Benefits of Wearing Hijab: -

The Hijab is a religious head covering that is worn by Muslim women. It generally conceals the neck and hair and has a veil for covering the face. Most Muslim women wear the Hijab, while refraining from wearing tight clothing. Donning the Hijab and also generally observing a modest Muslim style of dressing offers these benefits.
1. Represents Purity
The Hijab is regarded like an indication of dignity and purity. It highlights Muslim women as chaste and pure women. It also sets the wearer apart from immoral behaviors linked to women who wear immodestly. Actually, the Hijab acts like a screen between chaste Muslim women and the world’s evil.
2. Protects From Male Harassment
Most men do not make lewd gestures or whistle when a woman wearing a Hijab passes by. In fact, men view the Hijab like a sign that says off limits and thus do not approach such women. Muslim women by and large have a low chance of being exploited for their femininity and beauty in contrast with other women.
3. Places Focus On Intellect
The Hijab also benefits Muslim women by forcing people, particularly men, to go past the outer appearances and focus on the women’s intellect. Rather than assessing woman for her mind, the society usually assesses her based on physical traits. Many people are truly surprised when they discover that a Muslim who wears a Hijab is articulate, intelligent and educated.
4. Eliminates Competition Amongst Women
People in western nations are known for sacrificing health and financial savings so as to have expensive plastic surgery with an aim of meeting unrealistic standards of beauty. However, with Hijab, Muslim women can go for their normal duties without worrying about impressing other people.
5. Hygienic Purposes
All public should wear Hijab or head-covering workers serving society to ensure cleanliness and purity. Workers in a number of professions wear "veils" - nurses, fast food workers and daily Counter workers, restaurant workers and servers, doctors, health care providers and many more.
6. Female Psychological Balance
Covering the hair can also have a beneficial effect on the female psyche as well. Studies of women being interviewed for jobs show that there is a high correlation between what they wear and their perceptions of how successful they will be in their interviews. There are many more examples of how what we wear can influence how we act.
Wearing a Hijab does not have demerits and those who wear it have more strength and confidence as women become less mindful of their physique and appearance.
The moral duty of wearing Hijab in Islam is a frequently discussed topic among Muslim women. Nevertheless, little been written on its scientific advantage but there are, in fact, a number of health benefits that wearing Hijab provides, as well as many behavioural science studies that suggest that Hijab is the best cloth for women. It is very important to protect the head, as medical test show that 40-60% of body heat is lost through the head, so persons wearing head coverings during cold months are protected about 50% more than those who do not. In the traditional Islamic medical texts of Al- Jawziyya, there are evidence that the body is affected by the "4 Elements" of life in undesirable ways hence, we are advised to protect our heads against wind, breezes, drafts and cold weather.

Science & Islamic Hijab: -

In these verses, Allah commands following: -
1) For both believing men and women: Cast down their looks and guard their private parts
2) For believing women:
A) Not to display their ornaments (with exceptions).
B) Not strike their feet unless their ornaments become known
‘Casting down their looks’ is one of the common commands for both men and women and in addition women shouldn’t ‘display’ their ornaments. What this has to do with the command of hijab? What could be possible implications of ‘keeping down’ one’s look while living in society where everyone doesn’t observe a modest dress code? Let us look at it from scientific angle.
Human nervous system is the divinely made computer with over 100 billion neurons. These neurons are like highly sophisticated microchips and scientists have failed so far to calculate exact storage capacity and processing speed of even a single neuron.
Brain receives its inputs via sensory modalities, such as eyes, ears, smell, taste, touch etc. This information is then stored, processed in different areas of brain that are connected together and form the basis of further thought processes, development of new ideas, decision making and the physical actions, or outputs. Thus input to the brain usually matches with its output. The most striking point is that over 80% of all the sensory information that goes into the human brain comes from eyes only.
Thus, controlling the input of sensory stimuli from eyes can significantly affect the overall functioning and subsequent tasks such as memory, analysis of stored information, thought processing, learning, emotional and social aspects related to received information, carried out by the nervous system.
A major task of neurons is to store and process all the information in appropriate areas of brain and make it ready for accurate and timely retrieval in future.
Finally, the output which is seen in the form of words, behavior and physical actions, is dependent on the previous step. Thus, if wrong or incorrect sensory stimuli enter into brain, the neurons will be storing and processing that information, leading to bad ideas, thoughts and finally bad words and actions.
A simple model of it is presented in figure below:

Thus, when an environment has abundance of provocative stimuli, especially from the visual system, i.e. eyes, this leads to relevant aggressive and provocative words, behaviors and actions. Vulnerable individuals and young and immature minds that lack appropriate training and self-control and cannot handle the sensory information going into their brains, are automatically prone to give similar output in the form words, behavior and actions that correlate with sensory input. For example, kids or adolescents who watch movies with violence or play video games with similar themes, indulge in to similar type of aggressive and uncontrolled behavior.
In today’s world, the sensory information mostly enter eyes via special environmental scenes at parties, in universities, at gatherings, interaction of males and females at work place and in other situations and exposure to media, cinema etc, pictures, magazines, TV and computer screen, IPod and mobile phone screen and other such gadgets.
Unless a person blocks the unwanted information from going into the brain by controlling his eyes and where it is looked, or selectively deciding not to expose oneself to a specific environment, the information cannot be prevented from entering brain.
This is much more difficult in a society where no modest dress code exists or where liberal culture prevails, leading to a bombardment of sensory stimuli to brain every day. In this situation, the only way for the males and females to protect their thoughts from getting corrupted is to control their gaze.
Additionally, the females can block provocative sensory stimuli entering into a male’s brain by wearing an unprovocative, loose and simple dress that perfectly hides body contour and spots of beauty, adopting a modest and decent behavior and minimum social interaction that wouldn’t lead to unwanted emotional or social consequences.
Scientific data on aggression and sexual violence against girls and women in Western societies is a common norm and it is accepted as such to be a part of the Western culture. By the age of 21, almost 98% of women suffer from some form of sexual aggression in US, Europe and other liberal societies.
These societies have adapted themselves to this injustice and degradation against women which is considered to be a part of their lives. There are special centers to deal with sexual violence and treat those who suffer on day to day basis and there are emergency phone numbers available to deal with immediate situations, if the victim needs medical and emotional support. Assistance is also provided to the girls who have suffered from sexual violence by NGOs or various governmental organizations.
However, these societies have failed to deal with the basic issue outlined earlier in this article which is controlling the environmental stimuli that lead to these crimes against women in the form of output. Islamic dress code for women and Islamic teachings about controlling one’s gaze act as powerful filters to protect brain from being exposed to provocative stimuli and keep it protected from getting corrupted by blocking all subsequent steps mentioned earlier. Thus, the brain doesn’t store bad and provocative stimuli in the form of memory, doesn’t process bad thoughts and ideas and doesn’t develop any unwanted emotional and social attachments. Accordingly, the output is seen in the form of controlled, logical and good words, behaviors and actions.
Perhaps, this is the reason that Quranic verses dealing with hijab or Islamic dress code mention the consequences of such actions [looking down and protecting one-self] lead to purity for believing men. And for believing women [by not displaying their ornaments, observing prescribed dress code and thus protecting themselves] and men, it is eternal success because most of the provocative stimuli come from the females. Truly a society can become eternally successful, safe for women and pure for both men and women if Islamic dress code and Islamic teachings for decent behavior are observed.
Imam Ja’far said: ‘Whenever the eye looks at something forbidden, a knot of desire is tied in the person's heart and that knot will only be untied by one of two conditions: either by weeping out of grief or regret in true repentance, or by taking possession of what one desired and looked at.’
Certainly several crimes and illegal actions against women can be prevented if eyes don’t look at what is unlawfully exposed in the name of liberalism, modernity and fashion to be seen, provoking lust among males and if women realize that observing Islamic modest dress is in their own interest and for their protection.

Conclusion of Hadees: -

Male should not see purposely to female, females should cover their body & ornament as mentioned in Quran & Hadees using Hijab & Naqab. This lesson has 13 Hadees.