Lesson no. 73 Circumcision (Khatna): -

Prophet Ebrahim عليه السلام circumcised himself: -

1. Narrated by Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه that Nabi ﷺ said: "Prophet Ebrahim عليه السلام circumcised Himself after He had passed the age of eighty years and He circumcised Himself with an adze".
[Bukhari: 6298; Book. 79; English vol. 8; Book. 74; Hadees. 313]

A new Muslim should undergo circumcision: -

2. Ibn Shihab رضي الله عنه said: "When a man became Muslim, he was ordered to have himself circumcised, even if he was old".
[Al-Adab Al-Mufrad: 1252; Book. 1, English Book. 53, Hadees: 1252]

Circumcision a Fitra: -

3. Narrated by Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه that Nabi ﷺ said: "Five practices are characteristics of the Fitra: circumcision, shaving the pubic region, clipping the nails and cutting the moustaches short".
[Bukhari: 5889; Book. 77; English vol. 7; Book. 72; Hadees. 777]

4. Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه reported that, 5 are the acts of fitrah:

1. Circumcision
2. Removing the pubes hair
3. Clipping the moustache
4. Cutting the nails
5. Plucking the hair under the armpits
[Muslim: 257 B; Book no. 2; In English; Book no. 2; Hadees no. 496]

Circumcision amongst the ten important Sunnah: -

5. Narrated by Talq Bin Habib that Nabi ﷺ said: Ten things are from the Sunnah: Using Siwak, trimming the mustache, rinsing mouth, rinsing nose, letting the beard grow, trimming the nails, plucking the armpit hairs, circumcision, shaving the pubes and washing one's backside.
[Nasa’i: 5042; Book. 48; English vol. 6; Book. 48, Hadees: 5045]

One reference of lady circumcision: -

6. Narrated by Umme Atiyyah رضي الله عنها that a woman used to perform (lady) circumcision in Madinah. Nabi ﷺ said to her, do not cut severely as that is better for a woman and more desirable for a husband.
[Abu Dawud: 5271; Book. 43; English Book. 42; Hadees. 5271]

Science & Hadees about male circumcision: -

Circumcision is obligatory for males and that it is one of the symbols of Islam.
Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin, the tissue covering the head (glans) of the penis. It is an ancient practice that has its origin in religious rites. Today, many parents have their sons circumcised for religious or other reasons.
Circumcision does not decrease the sensitivity of the penis, nor harm sexual function or reduce sexual satisfaction. Circumcision does not appear to adversely affect sexual desire, pain with intercourse, premature ejaculation and time of ejaculation, erectile dysfunction or difficulties with orgasm.

The health benefits of circumcision: -

Dr. Muhammad Ali Al-Baar (a member of the Royal College of Surgeons in the UK and a consultant to the Islamic Medicine department of the King Fahd Centre for Medical Research in the King Abdul Aziz University in Jeddah) says in his book Al-Khitaan (Circumcision):
“Circumcision of newborn boys (i.e. within the first month of life) brings numerous health benefits, including: -
1. Protection against local infection in the penis: - Which may result from the presence of the foreskin, causing tightening of the foreskin, which may lead to retention of urine or infections of the glans (tip) of the penis, which require circumcision in order to treat these problems. In chronic cases, the child may be exposed to numerous diseases in the future, the most serious of which is cancer of the penis.
2. Infections of the urethra: - Many studies have proven that uncircumcised boys are more exposed to infection of the urethra. In some studies the rate was 39 times more among uncircumcised boys. In other studies the rate was ten times more. Other studies showed that 95% of children who suffered from infections of the urethra were uncircumcised, whereas the rate among circumcised children did not exceed 5%.
In children, infection of the urethra is serious in some cases. In the study by Wisewell on 88 children who suffered infections of the urethra, in 36 % of them, the same bacteria were found in the blood also. Three of them contracted meningitis and two suffered renal failure. Two others died as a result of the spread of the micro-organisms throughout the body.
3. Protection against cancer of the penis: - the studies agree that cancer of the penis is almost non-existent among circumcised men, whereas the rate among uncircumcised men is not insignificant. In the US the rate of penile cancer among circumcised men is zero, while among uncircumcised men it is 2.2 in every 100,000 of the uncircumcised population. As most of the inhabitants of the US are circumcised, the cases of this cancer there are between 750 and 1000 per year. If the population were not circumcised, the number of cases would reach 3000. In countries where boys are not circumcised, such as China, Uganda and Puerto Rico, penile cancer represents between 12-22 % of all cancers found in men; this is a very high percentage.
4. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs): - Researchers found that the STDs which are transmitted via sexual contact (usually because of fornication/adultery and homosexuality) spread more among those who are not circumcised, especially herpes, soft chancres, syphilis, candida, gonorrhea and genital warts. There are numerous modern studies which confirm that circumcision reduces the possibility of contracting AIDS when compared to their uncircumcised counterparts. But that does not rule out the possibility of a circumcised man contracting AIDS as the result of sexual contact with a person who has AIDS. Circumcision is not a protection against it and there is no real way of protecting oneself against the many sexually transmitted diseases apart from avoiding fornication / adultery, promiscuity, homosexuality and other repugnant practices. (From this we can see the wisdom of Islamic sharee’ah in forbidding fornication/ adultery and homosexuality).
5. Protection of wives against cervical cancer: - Researchers have noted that the wives of circumcised men have less risk of getting cervical cancer than the wives of uncircumcised men.
[Al-Khitaan, p. 76, by Dr. Muhammad Al-Baar]

Science & Hadees about female circumcision: -

Female circumcision is done by cutting a small part of the skin of clitoris that looks like a rooster’s comb, above the exit of the urethra. The Sunnah is not to cut all of it, but rather a part of it.
[Al-Mawsoo’ah Al-Fiqhiyyah: 19/28]
According to the Shaafais & the Hanbalis and others that circumcising women is obligatory. Many scholars are of the view that it is not obligatory in the case of women; rather it is Sunnah and is an honour for them.
Circumcision is obligatory for males and that it is one of the symbols of Islam and that circumcision of women is mustahabb but not obligatory.
Female circumcision has not been prescribed for any reason, rather there is wisdom behind it and it brings many benefits.
Mentioning some of these benefits, Dr. Haamid Al-Ghawaabi says: -
The secretions of the labia minora accumulate in uncircumcised women and turn rancid, so they develop an unpleasant odour which may lead to infections of the vagina or urethra. It has been seen in many cases of sickness that are caused by the lack of circumcision.
Circumcision reduces excessive sensitivity of the clitoris which may cause it to increase in size to 3 centimeters when aroused, which is very annoying to the husband, especially at the time of intercourse.
Another benefit of circumcision is that it prevents stimulation of the clitoris which makes it grow large in such a manner that it causes pain. Circumcision prevents spasms of the clitoris which are a kind of inflammation & reduces excessive sexual desire.
Dr Al-Ghawaabi refutes those who claim that female circumcision leads to frigidity by noting: -
Frigidity has many causes and this claim is not based on any sound statistics comparing circumcised women with uncircumcised women, except in the case of Pharaonic circumcision which is where the clitoris is excised completely. This does in fact lead to frigidity but it is contrary to the kind of circumcision enjoined by the Prophet  when He  said: “Do not destroy” i.e. do not uproot or excise. This alone is evidence that speaks for itself, because medicine at that time knew very little about this sensitive organ (the clitoris) and its nerves.
Liwa’ al-Islam magazine, issue 8 and 10; article entitled Khitaan al-Banaat (circumcision of girls).
The female gynaecologist Sitt al-Banaat Khaalid says in an article entitled Khitaan al-Banaat Ru’yah Sihhiyyah (Female circumcision from a health point of view):- Some of the health benefits of female circumcision:-
It takes away excessive libido from women; it prevents unpleasant odours which result from foul secretions beneath the prepuce. It reduces the incidence of urinary tract infections and it reduces the incidence of infections of the reproductive system.
In the book on Traditions that affect the health of women and children, which was published by the World Health Organization in 1979 it, says:
With regard to the type of female circumcision which involves removal of the prepuce of the clitoris, which is similar to male circumcision, no harmful health effects have been noted.

Conclusion of Hadees: -

Circumcision is obligation in males but not in female, a new Muslim brother should undergo it even if he is too old. This lesson has 6 Hadees.