Lesson No 3:

Kind of diseases according to Islam (Tibb-e-nabi صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم)

Diseases according to Quran.

Diseases of Qalb: -

1. Chapter (Surah) 2 Al-Baqara, verse (Ayah) No. 10: -

فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ فَزَادَهُمُ اللَّهُ مَرَضًا ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْذِبُونَ

Translation: There is a disease of deception in their Qalb (heart); and Allah lets their disease increase, and they shall have painful punishment for the lies they have told.
2. Chapter (Surah) 74 Al-Muddaththir, verse (Ayah) No. 31: -

وَلِيَقُولَ الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ وَالْكَافِرُونَ مَاذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ بِهَٰذَا مَثَلًا

 Translation: And that those in whose Quloob (hearts) there is a disease and the disbelievers may say: "What could Allah mean by this parable?" 
3. Chapter (Surah) 24 An-Nur, verse no. (Ayah) 48-50: -

وَإِذَا دُعُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ لِيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَهُمْ إِذَا فَرِيقٌ مِنْهُمْ مُعْرِضُونَ وَإِنْ يَكُنْ لَهُمُ الْحَقُّ يَأْتُوا إِلَيْهِ مُذْعِنِينَ . أَفِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ أَمِ ارْتَابُوا أَمْ يَخَافُونَ أَنْ يَحِيفَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَرَسُولُهُ ۚ بَلْ أُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ

Translation: When such people are called to Allah and His Rasool that He may judge between them, behold! A party of them decline to come. However, if they have the truth on their side, they come to him voluntarily. Is there a disease in their Quloob (hearts)? Either they are skeptical, or else they fear that Allah and His Rasool will deny them justice. Nay! In fact they are the ones who are the wrongdoers.

How to talk to an unknown or Qalb diseased person: -

4. Chapter (Surah) 33 Al-Ahzab,verse no. (Ayah) 32: -

يَا نِسَاءَ النَّبِيِّ لَسْتُنَّ كَأَحَدٍ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ ۚ إِنِ اتَّقَيْتُنَّ فَلَا تَخْضَعْنَ بِالْقَوْلِ فَيَطْمَعَ الَّذِي فِي قَلْبِهِ مَرَضٌ وَقُلْنَ قَوْلًا مَعْرُوفًا

Translation: O wives of Nabi! You are not like the other women: if you fear Allah, then you should not be complaisant while talking to the men who are not closely related to you, lest the one in whose Qalb (heart) is a disease may thereby be encouraged (desire), and speak using suitable good words.  (Because they are having QALB disease they may get desire provoked by very soft speech).

About eating with sick, blind & lame:

2. Chapter 24 (Sura) An-Noor, verse (Ayah) no. 61

لَيْسَ عَلَى الْأَعْمَىٰ حَرَجٌ وَلَا عَلَى الْأَعْرَجِ حَرَجٌ وَلَا عَلَى الْمَرِيضِ حَرَجٌ

Translation: There is no blame on the blind, nor there is blame on the lame, nor there is blame on the sick to eat at your table.

About fasting during illness

3. Chapter (Sura) 2 Al-Baqara, verse (Ayah) no.184

فَمَنْ كَانَ مِنْكُمْ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ

Transalation: Fast the prescribed number of days; except if any of you is ill or on a journey, let him fast a similar number of days later. For those who cannot endure it for medical reasons, there is a ransom: the feeding of one poor person for each missed day. But if he feeds more of his own free will, it is better for him. However, if you truly understand the rationale of fasting, it is better for you to fast.

Illness during Hajj or Umrah

4. Chapter (Sura) 2 Al-Baqara ,verse (Ayah) no 196

فَمَنْ كَانَ مِنْكُمْ مَرِيضًا أَوْ بِهِ أَذًى مِنْ رَأْسِهِ فَفِدْيَةٌ مِنْ صِيَامٍ أَوْ صَدَقَةٍ أَوْ نُسُكٍ

Translation: Complete the Hajj (obligatory pilgrimage in Makkah) and the Umrah (optional visit to Makkah) for the sake of Allah. If you are prevented from proceeding then send such offering for sacrifice as you can afford and do not shave your head until the offerings have reached their destiny. But if any of you is ill or has an ailment in his scalp which necessitates shaving, he must pay ransom either by fasting or feeding the poor or offering a sacrifice. If in peacetime anyone wants to take the advantage of performing Umrah and Hajj together, he should make an offering which he can afford; but if he lacks the means, let him fast three days during the Hajj and seven days on his return making ten days in all. This order is for the one whose household is not in the percincts of the Sacred mosque (masjid). Fear Allah and know that Allah is strict in retribution.

About Tayammum:

5. Chapter (Surah) 4 An-Nisaa, verse (Ayah) 43:

وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ مَرْضَىٰ أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاءَ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ مِنَ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ لَامَسْتُمُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمْ تَجِدُوا مَاءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا

Translation: O believers! Do not offer your Salah when you are drunk until you know what you are saying; nor after seminal emission, except when you are travelling, unless you wash your whole body, If you are sick, or on a journey, or one of you has used the toilet, or has had contact with women (sexual relation with wives) and can find no water, then make Tayammum: take some clean earth and rub on your faces and hands with it. Allah is lenient, Forgiving.

Classification of disease: -

1. Physical diseases
2. Psychological diseases
3. Spiritual diseases (soul diseases)
Physical diseases: -
(Bodily diseases) are diseases of body parts like organ, blood, bones, hair, skin etc, in it both anatomical & physiological diseases are included.
Psychological diseases: - (Diseases of Qalb) are, diseases of mind, (according to Islam) doubt, error in thoughts, lust and desire are the major psychological diseases. Also excessive liking of money, forgetfulness of Allah Ta’lah are among diseases.
Spiritual diseases: - (Diseases of soul) are envy, jealously, enematic feelings (dushmani), ego (takabbur) etc

Points:

We should seek treatment for all the above types of diseases. We are mostly concern only about physical diseases and health, & neglect the psychological and spiritual diseases.
In Quran & Hadees we get references of diseases and their treatment with herbs, water, honey, Quranic verses, Dua, Ruqyah & etc.
These are for us; we rely on doctors only, though doctors only know about physical and some psychological diseases & do not know about spiritual diseases.
Let’s not neglect any more, life is too short, we & our new generation is completely ignorant about treatment principles of Nabiصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم nor do we try to learn it.
We should have special courses designed, so that we all can learn & teach the principles of Nabiصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم & get enlightened with Barkat of Sunnats.
Nabiصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم used Ruqyah or Dua to get cure, also taught us to do the same, there are many Hadees about using Ruqyah & Dua as treatment, means they use to get cure by Allah’s will with Ruqyah or Dua only.
Sahabah were well versed with the principles of treatment of Nabiصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم & got great success in this field.
We lack for the knowledge of the medical science of our Nabiصلی اللہ علیہ وسلم & are suffering a lot.
This lesson has 8 Quranic references.