Sau'atar (saatar)(صعتر)

Names:-

1. In Hadees it is called as Sau'atar (صعتر).
2. Common name is Saatar Farsi.
3. In Latin it is called as Thymus serphyllum
4. In English it is called as Creeping Thyme. (It is called by many names).
5. But many Indian scholars say it is Zataria multiflora (Latin name).
6. In Arabic it is called as Za'atar.
7. It is among the Thymes genus plants.

Introduction:-

It is an herb mostly found in Arab, Iran, Afghanistan etc.There are many types of thymes plants (family) they are called as Za’atar (thyme) in Persain & Arabic. It is common among Arabs to eat Thymes blended with sesame oil & heavy salts (usually Fatair pasty) & olive oil.

Prophet ﷺ's guidance about sau’atar (صعتر): -

About fumigating the homes: -

1. Nabiﷺ said "Fumigate (dhooni) your homes with Creeping thyme (Sau'atar) (صعتر) & Loban (اللبان)
[Zaadul Ma’aad page no. 387]
Loban (اللبان) is Styrax benzoin. (Please refer Lesson no. 45 Loban).
2. Hazrat Abdullah Bin Abbas رضي الله عنه says that Nabiﷺ said "Fumigate your houses with Al-Sheeh (اشيح) & Creeping Thyme (Sau'atar) (الصعتر).
[Baihaqi: 5678]
Al-Sheeh is dried leaves of cress. (Please refer Lesson no. 21 Cress).

Content of it: -

Calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, sodium, iron, zinc, copper, magnesium, selenium, Vitamin E, A,C, D, B1, B2, B3, B6, B7, B12, choline, betaine, protein.

Scientific benefits:

1. It is useful in treating bedwetting, diarrhoea, stomach ache, arthritis, colic pain, sore throat, cough, whooping cough, bronchitis, flatulence.
2. Increases urine output.
3. Helpful in fungal & bacterial infections.
4. It can be applied directly on throat for hoarseness of voice, laryngitis, tonsillitis, bad breath.
5. Its decoction can be used for mouth gargle.
6. Reliefs muscles spasm.
7. Its oil is very useful

Science & Hadees regarding Saatar: -

In Hadees it is mentioned to fumigate the houses with it: -

Its oil is rich in thymol, carcacrol & etc, which are best in fumigation against bean, insects & bacterias.  Its plant was burned as a fumigator in sick rooms and hospital wards. It was used as incense for many types of religious ceremonies as well.

Pharmacological aspects: -

Thyme contains a number of anti-inflammatory compounds, including luteolin and rosmarinic acid, which may provide health benefits for people with certain anti-inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, asthma and inflammatory acne. Luteolin has been shown to exert strong inhibitory effects against TBK1, an enzyme that has been linked to inflammatory diseases. The rosmarinic acid in thyme, in turn, is thought to exert anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase, two enzymes that have been associated with inflammatory responses. Thyme contains several phytochemicals (such as ursolic acid, rosmarinic acid and luteolin) that have been linked to anti-cancer activity in laboratory studies. It has a strong inhibitory activity against Helicobacter pylori.

Conclusion of Hadees: -

Fumigate the houses with Saatar, Loban & Esheeh. This lesson has 2 Hadees.