Lesson no.68 Sleeping Habits of Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم.

Do not leave the fire lamp lighted on while sleep: -

1. Narrated by Saalem رضي الله عنه, from his father that Nabiﷺ said “Do not leave fire (lamps lighted) in your houses when you go to sleep”.
[Ibn Majah: 3769; Book. 33; English vol. 5; Book. 33, Hadees: 3769]
2. Narrated by Abu Musa رضي الله عنه that Nabi ﷺ said: “Fire is enemy to you when you go to sleep, extinguish it”.
[Ibn Majah: 3770; Book. 33; English vol. 5; Book. 33, Hadees. 3770]

Disliked talking after & sleeping before Isha Salah: -

3. Narrated by Abu Barza رضي الله عنه that Nabi ﷺ disliked sleeping before Isha salah & to talk after it.
[Bukhari: 568; Book. 9; English vol. 1; Book. 10; Hadees. 543]

Sleep early & offer Tahajjud: -

4. Narrated by Al-Aswad that A’isha رضي الله عنها replied to his question, that Nabi ﷺ used to sleep in the early part of the night and would woke up (in the beginning ) at the latter part & used to pray (Tahajjud) & then return to his bed till Mu’azzin called Azaan, He use to get for Fajar Salah.
[Bukhari: 1146; Book. 19; English vol. 2; Book. 21; Hadees. 247]

While Sleeping: -

5. Narrated by Jabir رضي الله عنه that: “I heard Nabi ﷺ say, ‘You should use antimony (surma/kohl) when you go to sleep, for it improves the eyesight and makes the hair (eyelashes) grow’.
[Ibn Majah: 3625; Book no. 31; In English vol. 4; Book. 31, Hadees. 3496]
6. Nabi ﷺ taught us to wash hands before going to sleep & said do not go to sleep with bad smell on hands, if something happens blame yourself only (if bad smell is present on hands).
[Ibn Majah: 3421 & 3422; Book. 29; English vol. 4; Book 29, Hadees. 3296 & 3297]

Recitation before sleep: -

7. Narrated by Irbad Bin Saariyah رضي الله عنه that Nabi ﷺ would recite the Musabbihat (Chapters 17, 57, 59, 61-64 & 87) before sleep and say "Indeed there is an Ayah (verses) in them that is better than one thousand Ayat (verses).
[Tirmizi: 3171; Book. 45, English vol. 5; Book. 42, Hadees. 2921]
8. Narrated by Huzaifa رضي الله عنه that whenever Nabi ﷺ intended to go to bed, He v would recite:

‏"‏ بِاسْمِكَ اللَّهُمَّ أَمُوتُ وَأَحْيَا ‏"‏‏

Translation: (With Your name, O Allah, I die and I live)." And when He ﷺ woke up from His sleep, He ﷺ would say:

‏"‏ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَحْيَانَا بَعْدَ مَا أَمَاتَنَا، وَإِلَيْهِ النُّشُورُ ‏"‏‏‏

Translation: (All the Praises are for Allah Who has made us alive after He made us die (sleep) and unto Him is the Resurrection).
[Bukhari: 6324; Book. 80; English vol. 8; Book. 75; Hadees. 336]
9. Narrated by Hafsah رضي الله عنها that when Nabi ﷺ wanted to go to sleep, He ﷺ use to put His Right Hand under His Cheek and would then say three times: ‏

اللَّهُمَّ قِنِي عَذَابَكَ يَوْمَ تَبْعَثُ عِبَادَكَ

Translation: (O Allah, guard me from Thy punishment on the day when Thou raises up Thy servants).
[Abu Dawud: 5045; Book. 43; English Book. 42; Hadees. 5027]
10. Hazrat Bara' Bin Aazib رضي الله عنه says that Nabi ﷺ used to lay his head upon his right hand at the time of sleeping, & recited:

‏ رَبِّ قِنِي عَذَابَكَ يَوْمَ تَبْعَثُ عِبَادَكَ

Translation: My Lord, safeguard me from Your punishment the Day You resurrect Your slaves.
[Tirmizi: 3399; Book. 48; English vol. 45; Book. 6, Hadees. 3399]
11. Narrated by Bara Bin Aazib رضي الله عنه that Nabi ﷺ said: "O so-and-so, whenever you go to your bed (for sleeping) recite: -

اللَّهُمَّ أَسْلَمْتُ نَفْسِي إِلَيْكَ، وَوَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِي إِلَيْكَ وَفَوَّضْتُ أَمْرِي إِلَيْكَ، وَأَلْجَأْتُ ظَهْرِي إِلَيْكَ، رَغْبَةً وَرَهْبَةً إِلَيْكَ، لاَ مَلْجَأَ وَلاَ مَنْجَا مِنْكَ إِلاَّ إِلَيْكَ، آمَنْتُ بِكِتَابِكَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلْتَ، وَبِنَبِيِّكَ الَّذِي أَرْسَلْتَ‏.‏ فَإِنَّكَ إِنْ مُتَّ فِي لَيْلَتِكَ مُتَّ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ، وَإِنْ أَصْبَحْتَ أَصَبْتَ أَجْرًا ‏"‏‏‏

Translation: "O Allah, I surrender myself to You, turn my face towards You, entrust all my affairs to You and depend upon You for Your Blessings, both with hope (in You) and fear of You. There is no fleeing from You and there is no place of protection and safety except with You, O Allah, I believe in Your Book (the Quran) which You Have Revealed and in Your Prophet (ﷺ) whom You Have Sent.
Make these words the last of your speech, because if you die on that very night, you will die on the Faith (i.e. on the religion of Islam)".
[Bukhari: 7488; Book. 97; English vol. 9; Book. 93; Hadees. 580]
12. Narrated by A’isha رضي الله عنها that when Nabi ﷺ use to go to bed, He ﷺ used to recite Surah Ikhlaas, Falaq & Naas & blew on palms & passed them over His face & those parts of body to which His hands reached & if fell ill His ﷺ use to order me to do the same for Him.
[Bukhari: 5748; Book. 76; English vol. 7; Book. 71; Hadees. 644]

During sleep knots of devil (shaitaan): -

13. Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه transmitted it from Nabi ﷺ that when any one of you goes to sleep, the devil ties three knots at the back of his neck, sealing every knot with:" You have a long night, so sleep." So if one awakes and mentions Allah, a knot will be loosened; if he performs ablution two knots are loosened; and if he prays (all) knots will be loosened and in the morning he will be active and in good spirits; otherwise we will be in bad spirits and sluggish in the morning.
[Muslim: 776; Book. 6; English Book. 4; Hadees. 1702]

Sleeping on the stomach is the worst way to sleep: -

14. Abu Umamah رضي الله عنه says that Nabi ﷺ passed by a sleeping man in the Masjid who was lying on his face (stomach) and He ﷺ touched him with His foot, saying: "Sit up, for this is a hellish kind of sleep (Jahannamiah).
[Ibn Majah: 3725; Book. 33; English vol. 5; Book. 33, Hadees. 3725]

15. Narrated by Qais Bin Tikhfah Al-Ghifari that his father رضي الله عنه said, Nabi ﷺ found me sleeping in the masjid on my stomach. He nudged me with his foot and said: 'Why are you sleeping like this? This is a kind of sleep that Allah dislikes,' or 'that Allah hates.
[Ibn Ma-jah: 3723; Book. 33; English vol. 5; Book. 33, Hadees. 3723]

About a sleeping person: -

16. Narrated by Abdullah Ibn Abbas رضي الله عنهما that Nabi ﷺ said: Do not pray behind a sleeping or a talking person.
[Abu Dawud: 694; Book. 2; English Book. 2; Hadees. 694]

Excessive sleep: -

17. Narrated by Jabir Bin Abdullah رضي الله عنه that Nabi ﷺ said: ‘The mother of Sulaiman Bin Dawud said to Sulaiman: “O my son, do not sleep too much at night, for sleeping too much at night will leave a man poor on the Day of Resurrection.”
[Ibn Majah: 1393; Book. 5; English vol. 1; Book 5, Hadees. 1332]

If you feel a lot of sleepy: -

18. Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه reported that Nabi ﷺ said: "When anyone of you stands up for Salah at night and finds it difficult to recite the Qur'an accurately and he is unaware of what he is reciting, he should go back to sleep."
[Riyad As-Salihin: 1186; Book. 9; English Book 9; Hadees. 196]

19. Narrated by Saad Bin Jubair, from Al-Aswad Bin Yazid , that A’isha رضي الله عنها says that Nabi ﷺ said: 'Whoever has the habit of praying at night but he sleeps and misses it that is a charity that Allah has given to him and the reward of his prayer will be recorded for him."
[An-Nasa’i: 1785; Book. 20; English vol. 2; Book. 20, Hadees. 1786]

Wake up from sleep: -

20. Huzaifa رضي الله عنه reported, that Nabi ﷺ whenever got up (from sleep), He ﷺ would rub His teeth with Miswaak (tooth-stick).
[Riyad As-Salihin: 1197; Book. 9; English Book. 9; Hadees. 207]

21. Narrated by Saalem from his father رضي الله عنه that Nabi ﷺ said: "When anyone of you wakes up from sleep, he should not put his hand into the vessel until he has washed it."
[Ibn Majah: 426; Book. 1; English vol. 1; Book. 1, Hadees. 394]
22. Nabi ﷺ use to pray the two (voluntary Sunnah) Rakat of Fajar (Dawn) & use to lay on His right side" (Means between 2 Sunnah of Fajar & 2 farz of Fajar) & would pray eleven Rakat at night, making them off with one. When He  finished them He ﷺ would lay down on His Right side".
[Tirmizi: 420, 440; Book. 2, English vol. 1; Book. 2, Hadees. 420, 440]

Separate the beds of 10 years children: -

23. Narrated by Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn Al-'Aas رضي الله عنه that Nabi ﷺ said: Command your children to pray when they become seven years old and beat them for it (prayer) when they become ten years old; and arrange their beds (to sleep) separately.
[Abu Dawud: 495; Book. 2; English Book. 2; Hadees. 495]

Sitting or sleeping in half shade & half sun light: -

24. Narrated by Ibn Buraidah رضي الله عنه from his father that Nabi ﷺ disallowed sitting between the shade and the sun".
[Ibn Majah: 3722; Book. 33; English vol. 5; Book. 33, Hadees. 3722]
(This Hadees indicates that it is not allowed to lay or sit while partially in the shade and partially under the sun).

It is Sunnah to dust off the bed before sleeping: -

25. Narrated by Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه that Nabi ﷺ said: "When anyone go to bed, should shake out the bed with the inside of the waist sheet, for you does not know what has come on to it after and then should recite:

بِاسْمِكَ رَبِّ وَضَعْتُ جَنْبِي، وَبِكَ أَرْفَعُهُ، إِنْ أَمْسَكْتَ نَفْسِي فَارْحَمْهَا، وَإِنْ أَرْسَلْتَهَا فَاحْفَظْهَا بِمَا تَحْفَظُ بِهِ عِبَادَكَ الصَّالِحِينَ ‏

Translation: (In Your name, my Lord, I lie down and in Your name I rise. If you should take my soul then have mercy on it and if You should return my soul then protect it as You protect Your righteous slaves).”
[Bukhari: 6320; Book. 80; English vol. 8; Book. 75; Hadees. 332]

Evening Nap (siesta) (kailula): -

26. Sahl Bin Saad رضي الله عنه narrated that "We would not have lunch during the time of Nabi  nor would we have a siesta (Kailula) (evening Nap), until after the Friday prayer."
[Tirmizi: 525; Book. 4, English vol. 1; Book. 4; Hadees. 525]

Mattress of Nabi ﷺ: -

27. Narrated by A’isha رضي الله عنها that the bed mattress of Nabi ﷺ was made of a leather case stuffed with palm fibres.
[Bukhari: 6456; Book. 81; English vol. 8; Book. 76; Hadees. 463]

Recite the following: -

28. Narrated by Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه that Nabi ﷺ said: "Whoever recites Ha Mim Al-Mu'min - up to - To Him is the return (chapter 40 verses 1-3) and Ayat Al-Kursi when he reaches the morning, he will be protected by them until the evening. And whoever recites them when he reaches the evening, he will be protected by them until the morning."
[Tirmizi: 3120; Book. 45, English vol.5; Book. 42, Hadees: 2879]

Science & Hadees: -

Benefits of Sleeping According to Sunnah in the Light of Medical Science: -

Today science tells us the best sleeping position, medical science tells us that it’s healthy to sleep on your back or on your right side which we (Muslims) were told more than 1400 years ago by our beloved Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم

Sleeping on the right side does not let the weight of stomach and intestine to suppress heart, hence blood circulation is not affected. By sleeping on the right side, heart remains on the topside, one will not have a deep sleep. A little noise can prepare someone to face any contingency. It also develops the habit of early morning rise.
Sitting and rubbing the eyes for a while after awaking adjusts the heartbeat according to the new posture, hence it has positive impact on the heart.
Napping after lunch helps to prevent burden on coronary artery. According to cardiologists, having a nap after lunch produces positive effects on heart.

Imam Shaafa’ee states that there are 4 types of sleep: -

To lie on the back-this is the sleep of the Prophet ﷺ's. To sleep on the right side-this is the sleep of the Worshippers. To sleep on the left side-this is the sleep of the rulers. To sleep on the stomach-this is the sleep of the devil.

Mattress of Nabi ﷺ: -

Narrated by A’isha رضي الله عنها that the bed mattress of Nabi ﷺ was made of a leather case stuffed with palm fibres.
[Bukhari: 6456; Book. 81; English vol. 8; Book. 76; Hadees. 463]

Benefits of Avoiding Soft Bed in the Light of Medical Science: -

Backache is often caused by regular use of soft bed as the muscles of back are loosened. The pain gets aggravated on continuous use. Extremely soft and comfortable bed can lead to the inflammation of ureters; hence kidney diseases can be prevented by not using soft bed. The use of soft bed can reduce the gap between the vertebrae. The experts don’t recommend it. Infants using soft bed can suffer from deformity of bones, which may lead to disability.

Sleeping on the floor: -

Doctor Nixon says, "When a healthy person sleeps his muscles become relaxed. A comfortable bed is bad for the spinal cord and in my eyes I have met such patients that have been affected with a bad back. Children's bones are weak and if they sleep on soft beds it affects their bones and this will affect them throughout their lives. Soft beds results in back pain as the muscles and back become slack and if soft beds are used regularly then this becomes a regular accordance."

It is Sunnah to dust off the bed before sleeping: -

Narrated by Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه that Nabi ﷺ said, "When anyone of you go to bed, should shake out the bed with the inside of the waist sheet, for you does not know what has come on to it after and then should recite:

بِاسْمِكَ رَبِّ وَضَعْتُ جَنْبِي، وَبِكَ أَرْفَعُهُ، إِنْ أَمْسَكْتَ نَفْسِي فَارْحَمْهَا، وَإِنْ أَرْسَلْتَهَا فَاحْفَظْهَا بِمَا تَحْفَظُ بِهِ عِبَادَكَ الصَّالِحِينَ ‏

Translation: (In Your name, my Lord, I lie down and in Your name I rise. If you should take my soul then have mercy on it and if You should return my soul then protect it as You protect Your righteous slaves).”
[Bukhari: 6320; Book. 80; English vol. 8; Book. 75; Hadees. 332]

Dusting the bed:

No religion mentions the practice of cleaning the bed before sleeping. Once a person did not wash his hands before sleeping, being cold that day, a snake rested in the bed and bit the person killing him. One may ask there are no snakes that roam around freely, however bedbugs that live in the bed may harm you. SUNNAH; Look at the method taught by the Holy Prophet ﷺ more than 1400 years ago. It is Sunnah to dust the bed 3 times before sleeping on it. Ensuring that there are no bedbugs or of the sort resting in the bed! SubhanAllah!

It's forbidden and not recommended to sleep on Stomach: -

In the present day science tells us that it’s best to sleep on the right side or back and not lying on the left side and stomach. Our beloved Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was aware of these principles.

Prophet ﷺ slept for a part of the night: -

Modern Studies have shown that this may be the best advice for many people: -
SLEEP STUDIES for 6 years of more than a million Americans showed that a good night's sleep is 7 hours. It also showed that people who sleep for 8 hours or more tend to die prematurely. Study leader, Daniel F. Kripke, says, "You really don't have to sleep for 8 hours and you don't have to worry about it. It is evidently very safe to sleep only 7, 6 or even 5 hours a night."
STATISTICS...In the study the death risk for people with excess sleep was 34% compared to only 12% for those who slept 8 hours and only 22% for those who had too little sleep!

Sleep early & offer Tahajjud: -

Narrated by Al-Aswad that A’isha رضي الله عنها replied to his question, that Nabi ﷺ used to sleep in the early part of the night and would woke up at the latter part & used to pray (Tahajjud) & then return to His ﷺ bed till Mu’azzin called Azaan, He ﷺ use to get for Fajar Salah.
[Bukhari: 1146; Book. 19; English vol. 2; Book. 21; Hadees. 247]
Treatment for depression up to 60% of depressed people shows 30% improvement after just one night awake.
Sleep inhibits the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) that helps control our metabolism and indirectly our levels of energy. 25 to 30% of depressed patients have low TSH levels. Recent research shows that staying awake at the last part of night and the early morning hours boost it.

Sleeping after Asr salah (mid evening before sunset) disliked: -

A gas exits from the earth at the time of Asr salah which is heavy and can affect a person's mind and heart. If a person sleeps before Isha Salah (night Prayer), the body cannot fight this gas hence causing illnesses.

Kailula sleeping after Zohr Salah (evening nap): -

Sahl Bin Saad رضي الله عنه narrated that "We would not have lunch during the time of Nabi  nor would we have a siesta (Kailula) (evening Nap), until after the Friday prayer.
[Tirmizi: 525; Book. 4, English vol. 1; Book. 4; Hadees. 525]
Doctor Geolick Oston, who has written many books, writes in his book that "If it was in my control I would close schools, factories etc and make everyone rest at this time as if this is observed then we would have less ill patients and people would be saved from many illnesses." The psychologist suggests that sleeping at this time refreshes the body, strengthening it and it is saved from many physical and mental illnesses. But this is best after eating in the afternoon and for no longer than an hour.

Sleeping with wazoo: -

A similar ritual is also encouraged by many experts who say that washing body parts such as the hands, arms, eyes, legs, mouth and genitals before sleep using cool water relaxes the body preparing it for a deep sleep.

Conclusion of Hadees:-

Nabi ﷺ’s sleeping habit is the best and very beneficial for the body & its organs. Nabi ﷺ did not oversleep or deprive His body of necessary sleep; He used to sleep when sleep is warranted and would lay on His right side and remember Allah in supplication (Dua) until sleep overwhelmed His eyes. In addition, His body would not be burdened with overeating or overdrinking. He neither slept on the bare floor, or on high beds. Rather, He had mats made of leaves, used to lean on a pillow and would sometimes place His hand under His cheek.
[Healing with Medicine of Prophet ﷺ, by: Imam Ibn Qayyim Al-Jauziyah]
This lesson has 25 Hadees.