Lesson no. 26 Sweet flag (Zarirah) (ذريرة)


1. In Hadees it is called as Zarirah (ذريرة )
2. In Arabic it is called as Tharirah.
3. In Sanskrit it is called as Vacha.
4. In Urdu & Hindi it is called as Charaitah.
5. In English it is called as Sweet flag, Bitter pepper root, Calamus.
6. In Latin it is called as Calamus aromaticus.

Introduction of Zarirah. (Sweet flag)

It is long lived plant of Acorceae family, red coloured, pleasant smell. It has rhizomes & branches of reeds shape, when the stem is broken, white coloured seeds are obtained, which are called as Zarirah.

Rasoolullahﷺ's guidance about Zarirah (ذريرة): -

Zarirah applied on beards & Ihraam: -

1. Hazrat A’isha رضي الله عنها narrates that she applied sweet flag (ذريرة) (Zarirah) on Nabiﷺ's beards & Ihraam, with her own hands, during the Haj-jatul-wida (fare well Haj) when Nabiﷺ wear Ihraam.
[Bukhari: 5930; Book. 77; Eng vol. 7; Hadees. 814]

Zarirah to be applied on Blisters: -

2. Nabiﷺ advised his wife to apply sweet flag (ذريرة) (Zarirah) because she had a blister on her finger & Nabiﷺ said "Also do Dua to Allah Ta'ala" saying " Who makes big things smaller & makes small things bigger" "Make small that what I have" (means the blister).
[Mustadrak Al Hakim: 7463]
3. One of the Wife of Nabiﷺ says that, Nabiﷺ asked "Do you hav any sweet flag (ذريرة)” (Zarira) she replied Yes, & (the respected) Nabiﷺ applied it on a blister between his toes & made Dua "Oh! Allah, who extinguishes that is big & makes big that which is smaller"  "Extinguish it for me" & the blister got extinguished.
[Majma Al-Zawa'id: 8350]􀀃

Other references:

1. Ibn Al-Qayyim says that sweet flag (ذريرة) (Zarira) is an Indian medicine, which is made from the reeds of sweet flag (ذريرة) (Zarira). It is beneficial for swelling in stomach, liver, hydrocephalus, it strenghtens the heart & it has pleasant fragrance.
2. Ibn Sina says that there is nothign better for burns than sweet flag (ذريرة) (Zarira) mixed with rose water and vinegar. The reeds of it are gentle, slightly astringent, and pungent & remove swelling.


Essential oils, eginol, asarane, acetic acid, cetilic, vitamin B, colline, gallnuts etc.
Part uses are: - roots, seeds, branches.

Scientific benefits:-

1. It strengthens the stomach & digestion.
2. Regulates menstrual cycle. 
3. Expels gases. 
4. Helpful in malaria. 
5. Reliefs pain.
6. Reduces kidney inflammation & heals urinary tract infection.
7. Reduces swelling of stomach, liver & etc.
8. It is anti spasmodic, anti carminative, analgesic, nerve tonic, and anti septic.
9. Helpful in rheumatism, eczema, fever, epilepsy, stomach ache, lice problem, jaundice, anti helmentic (an ti worms).
10. It is aromatic, diaphoretic, emetic, sedative, stimulant, and tonic, vulnerary & etc.

Science & Hadees regarding Zarirah:-

According to researches on sweet flag (ذريرة) (Zarira) it can be used externally, the tea is used for sores, burns, scrofula, wounds, and ulcers. And also can be used as antispasmodic, aromatic, carminative, decongestant, diaphoretic, emetic, emmenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, nervine, sedative, stimulant, stomach ache, tonic vulnerary. It is particularly known for the beneficial effects on the stomach, especially heartburn with sour eructations. A few small pieces of the root being chewed and the juice swallowed, but do not swallow the pulp, will give prompt relief. The roots may be chewed several times a day for chronic conditions, until the stomach is back in good healthy working order. It stimulates the appetite and helps to relieve acute and chronic colic, gastritis, fevers, colds, sinus headaches, sinusitis, coughs, and hyperacidity, deafness, arthritis, hysteria, neuralgia, epilepsy, shock.
Chewing the root is said to stop pyrosis, the discharge of an acrid liquid from the stomach into the throat. For smokers, however, chewing the dried root tends to cause mild nausea, a property that makes sweet flag useful for breaking the smoking habit. A decoction of the rootstock makes a good bath additive for insomnia, malaria, cholera, typhus, flu, bronchitis, ague, diarrhea, dysentery, asthma, a general tonic, and tense nerves; it has also been used in baths for children with scrofula or rickets.

Conclusion of Hadees: -

Use sweet flag (ذريرة) (Zarira) for blisters & also do Dua, can be used as a perfume, this lesson has 3 Hadees.